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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 13 — Jun. 25, 2007
  • pp: 8237–8242

High resolution optical time domain reflectometer based on 1.55μm up-conversion photon-counting module

Matthieu Legré, Rob Thew, Hugo Zbinden, and Nicolas Gisin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 13, pp. 8237-8242 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.008237


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Abstract

We implement a photon-counting Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR) at 1.55μm which exhibits a high 2-point resolution and a high accuracy. It is based on a low temporal-jitter photon-counting module at 1.55μm. This detector is composed of a periodically poled Lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide, which provides a wavelength conversion from near infrared to visible light, and a low jitter silicon photon-counting detector. With this apparatus, we obtain centimetre resolution over a measurement range of tens of kilometres.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(120.5820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scattering measurements

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: March 1, 2007
Revised Manuscript: June 11, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: June 13, 2007
Published: June 18, 2007

Citation
Matthieu Legré, Rob Thew, Hugo Zbinden, and Nicolas Gisin, "High resolution optical time domain reflectometer based on 1.55μm up-conversion photon-counting module," Opt. Express 15, 8237-8242 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8237


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References

  1. M. Wegmuller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin, "Photon-Counting OTDR for Local Birefringence and Fault Analysis in the Metro Environment," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 390 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. C. G. Bethea, B. F. Levine, S. Cova, and G. Ripamonti, "High-resolution and high-sensitivity optical-time-domain reflectometer," Opt. Lett. 13, 233 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. P. Van Devender and P. G. Kwiat, "High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion," J. Mod. Opt. 51,1433 (2004).
  4. R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide sum-frequency generator for efficient single-photon detection at communication wavelengths,"Opt. Lett. 29,1518 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, "Efficient single-photon counting at 1.55 µm by means of frequency upconversion," Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, L. Krainer, S. C. Zeller, A. Rochas, I. Rech, S. Cova, H. Zbinden and N. Gisin, "Low jitter up-conversion detectors for telecom wavelength GHz QKD," New J. Phys. 8, 32 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, "1.5μm photon-counting optical time-domain reflectometry with a single-photon detector based on upconversion in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Lett. 31,727 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. Derickson, "Fiber Optic Test and Measurement" (Pretentie-Hall, 1998), Chap.10 and 11.
  9. M. Wegmüller, M. Legré and N. Gisin, "Distributed Beatlength Measurement in Single-Mode Fibers with Optical Frequency-Domain Reflectometry," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. G.P. Arawal, "Fiber-Optic Communication Systems" (John Wiley & Sons, 1997).

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