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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 15 — Jul. 23, 2007
  • pp: 9341–9346

Microlensed microchip VECSEL

Nicolas Laurand, C. L. Lee, E. Gu, J.E. Hastie, Stephane Calvez, and Martin D. Dawson  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 15, pp. 9341-9346 (2007)

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We report a 1.055-µm microchip VECSEL array which uses a microlens-patterned diamond both as a heatspreader and as an array of concave output mirrors. This configuration, which is suitable for laser array operation, is here exploited to perform a systematic study of a set of microchip lasers with the same semiconductor structure but different cavity properties. The transverse mode selection of individual VECSELs is found to depend on the mode-matching conditions and on the microlens aperture size. Mode-matched single-device emission in the fundamental mode (M2~1.1) with pump-limited output power of 70 mW is demonstrated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 16, 2007
Revised Manuscript: June 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: June 9, 2007
Published: July 13, 2007

Nicolas Laurand, C. L. Lee, E. Gu, J. E. Hastie, Stephane Calvez, and Martin D. Dawson, "Microlensed microchip VECSEL," Opt. Express 15, 9341-9346 (2007)

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  1. J.E. Hastie, J.M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C.W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A.I. Ferguson, M.D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett. 15 (2003) 894-896. [CrossRef]
  2. J.E. Hastie, J.M. Hopkins, C.W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M.D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A.I. Ferguson, W.J. Alford, T.D. Raymond, A.A. Allerman, "Microchip vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers," Electron. Lett. 39 (2003) 1324-1326. [CrossRef]
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  4. A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, J.E. Hastie, S.A. Smith, J.M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, G.J. Valentine, M.D. Dawson, D. Burns, "Thermal lensing, thermal management and transverse mode control in microchip VECSELs," Appl. Phys. B-Laser O. 83 (2006) 189-194. [CrossRef]
  5. R.I. Aldaz, M.W. Wiemer, D.A.B. Miller, J.S. Harris, "Monolithically-integrated long vertical cavity surface emitting laser incorporating a concave micromirror on a glass substrate," Opt. Express 12 (2004) 3967-3971. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K.S. Kim, Y.H. Lee, B.Y. Jung, C.K. Hwangbo, "Single mode operation of a curved-mirror vertical-emitting laser with an active distributed Bragg reflector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 241 (2002) L827-L829. [CrossRef]
  7. A.M. Sarangan, G.M. Peake, "Enhancement of lateral mode discrimination in broad-area VCSELs using curved Bragg mirrors," J. Lightwave Technol. 22 (2004) 543-549. [CrossRef]
  8. G.A. Keeler, D.K. Serkland, K.M. Geib, G.M. Peake, A. Mar, "Single transverse mode operation of electrically pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers with micromirrors," IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett. 17 (2005) 522-524. [CrossRef]
  9. H.W. Choi, E. Gu, C. Liu, C. Griffin, J.M. Girkin, I.M. Watson, M.D. Dawson, "Fabrication of natural diamond microlenses by plasma etching," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23 (2005) 130-132. [CrossRef]
  10. K.F. Riley, S.J. Hobson, S.J. Bence, Mathematical methods for physics and engineering (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

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