OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 16 — Aug. 6, 2007
  • pp: 9883–9892

All-optical switch based on the local nonlinear Mach-Zehnder interferometer

Yaw-Dong Wu, Min-Lun Huang, Mao-Hsiung Chen, and Rong-Zhan Tasy  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 16, pp. 9883-9892 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (296 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We proposed a new all-optical switch by using the phase modulation of spatial solitons. The proposed structure is composed of the nonlinear Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) with the straight control waveguide, the uniform nonlinear medium and the nonlinear output waveguides. The local nonlinear MZI functions like a phase shifter. The light-induced index changes in the local nonlinear MZI make the output signal beam routing in the uniform nonlinear medium. The all-optical switching scheme employs angular deflection of spatial solitons controlled by phase modulation created in the local nonlinear MZI. By properly launching the control power and increasing the length of the uniform nonlinear medium, this device can be generalized to a 1×N all-optical switch. It would be a potential key component in the applications of ultra-high-speed optical communications and optical data processing system.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: May 24, 2007
Revised Manuscript: June 28, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: June 28, 2007
Published: July 23, 2007

Yaw-Dong Wu, Min-Lun Huang, Mao-Hsiung Chen, and Rong-Zhan Tasy, "All-optical switch based on the local nonlinear Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Express 15, 9883-9892 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. D. Wu, M. H. Chen, and C. H. Chu, "All-optical logic device using bent nonlinear taperred Y-junction waveguide structure," Fiber and Integrated Optics 20, 517 (2001).
  2. M. O. Twati, T.J.F Pavlasek, "A three-wavelength Mach-Zehnder optical demultiplexer by on step ion-exchange in glass," Opt. Commun. 206, 327 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. D. Wu, M. H. Chen, and H. J. Tasi, "Novel all-optical switching device with localized nonlinearity," Optical Society of America, Optics in Computing Devices 297 (2002).
  4. Y. D. Wu, M. H. Chen, and R. Z. Tasy, "A new all-optical switching device by using the nonlinear Mach-Zehnder interferometer with a control waveguides," Proceedings CLEO/Pacific Rim Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics I 292 (2003).
  5. S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, s. Suzuki, K. Y. Wu, and P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 281 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. L. Lee et al., "Channel-selective wavelength conversion and tuning in periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2649 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe1212-2649. [CrossRef]
  7. Y. D. Wu, "Nonlinear all-optical switching device by using the spatial soliton collision," Fiber and Integrated Optics 23, 387 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. D. Wu, "Coupled-soliton all-optical logic device with two parallel tapered waveguide," Fiber and Integrated Optics 23, 405 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. D. Wu, "New all-optical wavelength auto-router based on spatial solitons," Opt. Express 12, 4172 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?id=89605. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. D. Wu, "All-Optical Logic Gates by Using Multibranch Waveguide Structure With Localized Optical Nonlinearity," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 11, 307 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. D. Wu, "All-optical 1×N All-Optical Switching Device by Using the Phase Modulation of Spatial Solitons," Appl. Optics 44, 4144 (2005) [CrossRef]
  12. Y. D. Wu, " New all-optical switch based on the spatial soliton repulsion," Opt. Express 14, 4005 (2006), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?id=89605. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. H. Pramono, and Endarko, "Nonlinear waveguides for optical logic and computation," Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials 10, 209 (2001). [CrossRef]
  14. C. T. Steaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and D. Smith, "Calculations of nonlinear TE waves guided by thin dielectric films bounded by nonlinear media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774 (1985). [CrossRef]
  15. S. She and S. Zhang, "Analysis of nonlinear TE waves in a periodic refractive index waveguide with nonlinear cladding," Opt. Commun. 161, 141 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. D. Wu, M. H. Chen, and H. J. Tasi, "A general method for analyzing the multilayer optical waveguide with nonlinear cladding and substrate", SPIE Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Photonic Device II 4594, 323 (2001).
  17. Y. D. Wu and M. H. Chen, "Analyzing multiplayer optical waveguides with nonlinear cladding and substrates," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1737 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. D. Wu and M. H. Chen, "The fundamental theory of the symmetric three layer nonlinear optical waveguide structures and the numerical simulation," J. Nat. Kao. Uni. of App. Sci. 32, 133 (2002).
  19. C. W. Kuo, S. Y. Chen, M. H. Chen, C. F. Chang, and Y. D. Wu, "Analyzing multilayer optical waveguide with all nonlinear layers," Opt. Express 15, 2499 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2499. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. D. Boardman and P. Egan, "Optically nonlinear waves in thin films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 319 (1986). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Murata, M. Izutsu, and T. Sueta, "Optical bistability and all-optical switching in novel waveguide functions with localized optical nonlinearity," J. Light. Technol. 16, 833 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. D. Wu and Y. C. Jang, "Analyzing and numerical study of seven-layer optical saveguide with localized nonlinear central guiding film," Proceedings Electrical and Information Engineering Symposium 24 (2003).
  23. Y. D. Wu, "Analyzing Multilayer Optical Waveguides with a Localized Arbitrary Nonlinear Guiding Film," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 529 (2004). [CrossRef]
  24. Y. D. Wu, and M. H. Chen, "Method for analyzing multilayer nonlinear optical waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 7982 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?id=85750. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. X. F. Liu, M. L. Ke, B. C. Qiu, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Fabrication of monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder asymmetric interferometer switch," Indium Phosphide and Related Materials,2000. Conference Proceedings. 2000 International Conference 412 (2000).
  26. H. Ehlers, M. Schlak, and U. H. P. Fischer, "Multi-fiber-chip-coupling modules for monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometers for TDM/WDM communication systems," Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit 3, WDD66-1 (2001).
  27. L. Pavelescu, "Simplified design relationships for silicon integrated optical pressure sensors based on Mach-Zehnder interferometry with antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides,"Semiconductor Conference, 2001, CAS 2001 Proceedings, International 1, 201 (2001). [CrossRef]
  28. T. Yabu, M. Geshiro, T. Kitamura, K. Nishida, and S. Sawa, "All-optical logic gates containing a two-mode nonlinear waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 37 (2002). [CrossRef]
  29. A. M. Kan’an and P. Likam wa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching not limited by the carrier lifetime in an integrated multiple-quantum-well Mach-Zehnder interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3217 (1997). [CrossRef]
  30. Y. H. Pramono and Endarko, "Nonlinear waveguides for optical logic and computation," Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials 10, 209 (2001). [CrossRef]
  31. C. T. Seaton, X. Mai, G. I. Stegeman, N. G. Winful, "Nonlinear guided wave applications," Opt. Eng. 24, 593 (1985).
  32. R. A. Sammut, Q. Y. Li, and C. Pask, "Variational approximations and mode stability in planar nonlinear waveguides," J. Opt. Soc, Am. B 9, 884 (1992). [CrossRef]
  33. T. T. Shi and S. Chi, "Beam propagation method analysis of transverse-electric waves propagating in a nonlinear tapered planar waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2318 (1991). [CrossRef]
  34. Y. Chung and N. Dagli, "As assessment of finite difference beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 529 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited