OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 21 — Oct. 17, 2007
  • pp: 13894–13906

Second-harmonic emission from sub-wavelength apertures: Effects of aperture symmetry and lattice arrangement

T. Xu, X. Jiao, G. P. Zhang, and S. Blair  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 21, pp. 13894-13906 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.013894


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2035 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We measure second-harmonic generation from arrays of sub-wavelength apertures in transmission using fundamental input at 800 nm. Lattice arrangements include disordered, Penrose (quasi-periodic or aperiodic), and square (periodic). Strong angular dependence of SHG is observed, with maxima located at angular positions that roughly correspond to incidence angles of extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) for the fundamental. In addition, even at incidence normal to the sample, strong secondary maxima are observed at off-normal scattering angles for the arrangements with higher degree of order. Breaking the inversion symmetry of the aperture allows second harmonic peaks at normal incidence and detection. These measurements help to resolve the role that symmetry plays in second-harmonic generation from arrays of apertures.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4350) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 20, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 2, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 2007
Published: October 8, 2007

Citation
T. Xu, X. Jiao, G.-P. Zhang, and S. Blair, "Second-harmonic emission from sub-wavelength apertures: Effects of aperture symmetry and lattice arrangement," Opt. Express 15, 13894-13906 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13894


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391,667-669 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. L. Salomon, F. Grillot, A. V. Zayats, and F. Fornel "Near-field distribution of optical transmission of periodic subwavelength holes in a metal film," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,1110-1113 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Liu and S. Blair "Fluorescence enhancement from an array of sub-wavelength metal apertures," Opt. Lett. 28,507-509 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Nahata, R. A. Linke, T. Ishi, and K. Ohashi "Enhanced nonlinear optical conversion using periodically nanostructured metal films," Opt. Lett. 28,423-425 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Airola, Y. Liu, and S. Blair "Second-harmonic generation from an array of sub-wavelength metal apertures," J. Opt. A: Pure and Appl. Opt. 7,S118-S123 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Fan, S. Zhang, N. C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, Jr., K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck "Second-harmonic generation from a nanopatterned isotropic nonlinear material," Nano Lett. 6,1027-1030 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, and R. Gordon "Enhanced second harmonic generation from nanoscale doublehole arrays in a gold film," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,261104 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, and R. Gordon "Apex-enhanced second harmonic generation by using double-hole arrays in a gold film," Phys. Rev. B 75,045423 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. J. A. H. van Nieuwstadt, M. Sandtke, R. H. Harmsen, F. B. Segerink, J. C. Prangsma, S. Enoch, and L. Kuipers "Strong modification of the nonlinear optical response of metallic subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,146102 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Rakov, F. E. Ramos, and M. Xiao "Strong second-harmonic generation from a thin silver film with randomly distributed small holes," J. Phys.: Cond. Matter 15,L349-L352 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Sun, J. Tian, Z.-Y. Li, B.-Y. Cheng, D.-Z. Zhang, A.-Z. Jin, and H.-F. Yang "The role of periodicity in enhanced transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Chinese Phys. Lett. 23,486-488 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Matsui, A. Agrawal, A. Nahata, and Z. V. Vardeny "Transmission resonances through aperiodic arrays of subwavelength apertures," Nature (London) 446,517-521 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Przybilla, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen "Enhanced transmission through Penrose subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,121115 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Bravo-Abad, A. I. Fernandez-Dominguez, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno "Theory of extraordinary transmission of light through quasiperiodic arrays of subwavelength holes," arXiv:cond-mat/0606121v2 (2007).
  15. V. L. Brudny, B. S. Mendoza, and W. L. Mochan "Second-harmonic generation from spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 62,11152-11162 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. M. D. McMahon, R. Lopez, R. F. Haglund, Jr., E. A. Ray, and P. H. Bunton "Second-harmonic generation from an arrays of symmetric gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 73,041401 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. X. Heng, X. Cui, D. W. Knapp, J. Wu, Z. Yaqoob, E. J. McDowell, D. Psaltis, and C. Yang "Characterization of light collection through a subwavelength aperture from a point source," Opt. Express 14,10410-10425 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. I. Zheludev and V. I. Emel’yanov "Phase matched second harmonic generation from nanostructured metallic surfaces," J. Opt. A: Pure and Appl. Opt. 6,26-28 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. K. Liu, L. Zhan, Z. Y. Fan, M. Y. Quan, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia "Enhancement of second-harmonic generation with phase-matching on periodic sub-wavelength structured metal film," Opt. Commun. 276,8-13 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen "Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7,1251-1255 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg "SHG studies of plasmon dephasing in nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B 68,419-423 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. A.M. Moran, J. Sung, E.M. Hicks, R. P. van Duyne, and K. G. Spears "Second harmonic excitation spectroscopy of silver nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 109,4501-4506 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited