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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 21 — Oct. 17, 2007
  • pp: 13894–13906

Second-harmonic emission from sub-wavelength apertures: Effects of aperture symmetry and lattice arrangement

T. Xu, X. Jiao, G. P. Zhang, and S. Blair  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 21, pp. 13894-13906 (2007)

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We measure second-harmonic generation from arrays of sub-wavelength apertures in transmission using fundamental input at 800 nm. Lattice arrangements include disordered, Penrose (quasi-periodic or aperiodic), and square (periodic). Strong angular dependence of SHG is observed, with maxima located at angular positions that roughly correspond to incidence angles of extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) for the fundamental. In addition, even at incidence normal to the sample, strong secondary maxima are observed at off-normal scattering angles for the arrangements with higher degree of order. Breaking the inversion symmetry of the aperture allows second harmonic peaks at normal incidence and detection. These measurements help to resolve the role that symmetry plays in second-harmonic generation from arrays of apertures.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4350) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: September 20, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 2, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 2007
Published: October 8, 2007

T. Xu, X. Jiao, G.-P. Zhang, and S. Blair, "Second-harmonic emission from sub-wavelength apertures: Effects of aperture symmetry and lattice arrangement," Opt. Express 15, 13894-13906 (2007)

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