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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15207–15213

Shot noise limited heterodyne detection of CARS signals

M. Jurna, J.P. Korterik, C. Otto, and H.L. Offerhaus  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15207-15213 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.015207


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Abstract

We demonstrate heterodyne detection of CARS signals using a cascaded phase-preserving chain to generate the CARS input wavelengths and a coherent local oscillator. The heterodyne amplification by the local oscillator reveals a window for shot noise limited detection before the signal-to-noise is limited by amplitude fluctuations. We demonstrate an improvement in sensitivity by more than 3 orders of magnitude for detection using a photodiode. This will enable CARS microscopy to reveal concentrations below the current mMolar range.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(300.6230) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
(300.6290) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, four-wave mixing
(300.6310) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, heterodyne

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: May 24, 2007
Revised Manuscript: July 9, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 28, 2007
Published: November 1, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 2, Iss. 12 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
M. Jurna, J. P. Korterik, C. Otto, and H. L. Offerhaus, "Shot noise limited heterodyne detection of CARS signals," Opt. Express 15, 15207-15213 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15207


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References

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