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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 23 — Nov. 12, 2007
  • pp: 15351–15364

Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases

Vladislav S. Yakovlev, Misha Ivanov, and Ferenc Krausz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23, pp. 15351-15364 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.015351


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Abstract

We theoretically investigate the generation of high harmonics and attosecond pulses by mid-infrared (IR) driving fields. Conditions for coherent build-up of high harmonics are revisited. We show that the coherence length dictated by ionization-induced dephasing does not constitute an ultimate limitation to the coherent growth of soft X-ray (> 100 eV) harmonics driven by few-cycle mid-IR driving pulses: perfect phase-matching, similar to non-adiabatic self-phase-matching, can be achieved even without non-linear deformation of the driving pulse. Our trajectory-based analysis of phase-matching reveals several important advantages of using longer laser wavelengths: conversion efficiency can be improved by orders of magnitude, phase-matched build-up of harmonics can be achieved in a jet with a high gas pressure, and isolated attosecond pulses can be extracted from plateau harmonics.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(270.6620) Quantum optics : Strong-field processes

ToC Category:
High Field and Attosecond Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 29, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 21, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 25, 2007
Published: November 5, 2007

Virtual Issues
Focus Serial: Frontiers of Nonlinear Optics (2007) Optics Express

Citation
Vladislav S. Yakovlev, Misha Ivanov, and Ferenc Krausz, "Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases," Opt. Express 15, 15351-15364 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15351


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