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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 25 — Dec. 10, 2007
  • pp: 16800–16807

Heating and rapid cooling of bulk glass after photoexcitation by a focused femtosecond laser pulse

M. Sakakura, M. Terazima, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 25, pp. 16800-16807 (2007)

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To investigate the energy dissipation process after focusing a femtosecond laser pulse inside a zinc borosilicate glass, the time-dependent lens effect in the laser focal region was observed by a transient lens (TrL) method. We found that the TrL signal after 100 ns can be explained clearly by thermal diffusion. By fitting the observed signal, we obtained the phase change due to temperature increase, the initial diameter of the heated volume and the thermal diffusivity. On the basis of the results, the temperature increase and the cooling rate were estimated to be about 1800 K and 1.7×108 Ks-1, respectively. We have also observed the signal change on a 100 ns scale, which can not be explained by the thermal diffusion model. This change was attributed to the relaxation of the heated material.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(320.3980) Ultrafast optics : Microsecond phenomena
(350.5340) Other areas of optics : Photothermal effects
(350.6830) Other areas of optics : Thermal lensing

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: September 13, 2007
Revised Manuscript: November 8, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 27, 2007
Published: December 3, 2007

M. Sakakura, M. Terazima, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, "Heating and rapid cooling of bulk glass after photoexcitation by a focused femtosecond laser pulse," Opt. Express 15, 16800-16807 (2007)

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