OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 4 — Feb. 19, 2007
  • pp: 1823–1831

Optical add-drop filters based on photonic crystal ring resonators

Zexuan Qiang, Weidong Zhou, and Richard A. Soref  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 4, pp. 1823-1831 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.001823


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1174 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present here an optical add-drop filter (ADF) design based on ultra-compact photonic crystal ring resonators (PCRRs). The normalized transmission spectra for single-ring and dual-ring configurations have been investigated by using the two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) technique in a square lattice dielectric-rod photonic-crystal structure. With the introduction of four scatterers at the corners of quasi-square-ring PCRR, high wavelength selectivity and close to 100% drop efficiency can be obtained. Both backward- and forward-dropping were achieved by controlling the coupling efficiency between two PCRR rings for resonant modes with different symmetry. The resonant-mode quality factor Q and the wavelength tunability were also analyzed, opening opportunities for PCRRs as ultra-compact filters, optical add-drop multiplexers, electrooptical N × N switches and electrooptical modulators.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: November 30, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 2, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 4, 2007
Published: February 19, 2007

Citation
Zexuan Qiang, Weidong Zhou, and Richard A. Soref, "Optical add-drop filters based on photonic crystal ring resonators," Opt. Express 15, 1823-1831 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-4-1823


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. A. Soref, "Silicon-based optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 81,1687-1706 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Channel drop filters in photonic crystals," Opt. Express 3,4-11 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Lipson, "Guiding, Modulating and Emitting Light on Silicon - Challenges and Opportunities (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,4222-4238 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12,1551-1561 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. E. Little, J. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. Haus, E. Ippen, L. C. Kimberling, and W. Greene, "Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10,549-551 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431,1081-1084 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Barwicz, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, M. Watts, H. Haus, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, "Microring-resonator-based add-drop filters in SiN: fabrication and analysis," Opt. Express 12,1437-1442 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. E. Little, J. P. Laine, and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt. Lett. 22,4-6 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Noda and T. Baba, Roadmap on Photonic Crystals, 1st ed. (Springer, 2003).
  11. J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386,143-149 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. W. Bogaerts, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Dumon, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, V. Wiaux, and S. Beckx, "Basic structures for photonic integrated circuits in Silicon-on-insulator," Opt. Express 12,1583-1591 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60,5751-5758 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Zhang and M. Qiu, "Compact in-plane channel drop filter design using a single cavity with two degenerate modes in 2D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 13,2596-2604 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11,2927-2939 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S.-H. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, G.-H. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crsytal hexagonal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2499-2501 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Dinesh Kumar, T. Srinivas, A. Selvarajan, "Investigation of ring resonators in photonic crystal circuits", Photonics and Nanostructures 2, 199-206 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Romero-Vivas, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, "Resonant add-drop filter based on a photonic quasicrystal," Opt. Express 13,826-835 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35,1322-1331 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Tokushima, H. Yamada, and Y. Arakawa, "1.5-µm-wavelength light guiding in waveguides in square-lattice-of-rod photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84,4298-4300 (2004). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, "Channel drop tunneling through localized states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80,960-963 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. K. Sakoda, "Symmetry, degeneracy, and uncoupled modes in two-dimensional photonic lattices," Phys. Rev. B 52,7982-7986 (1995). [CrossRef]
  23. S. H. Kim and Y. H. Lee, "Symmetry relations of two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity modes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,1081-1085 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: GIF (612 KB)     
» Media 2: GIF (624 KB)     
» Media 3: GIF (665 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited