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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 4 — Feb. 19, 2007
  • pp: 1939–1945

Propagation of ultrashort laser pulses through water

JianChao Li, Dennis R. Alexander, HaiFeng Zhang, Ufuk Parali, David W. Doerr, John Clark Bruce III, and Hao Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 4, pp. 1939-1945 (2007)

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In this paper, propagation of ultrashort pulses through a long 3.5 meter water channel was studied. Of particular interest was the attenuation of the beam at various lengths along the variable path length and to find an explanation of why the attenuation deviates from typical Beer Lambert law around 3 meters for ultrashort laser pulse transmission. Laser pulses of 10 fs at 75 MHz, 100 fs at 80 MHz and 300 fs at 1 KHz were employed to investigate the effects of pulse duration, spectrum and repetition rate on the attenuation after propagating through water up to 3 meters. Stretched pulse attenuation measurements produced from 10 fs at a frequency of 75 MHz were compared with the 10 fs attenuation measurements. Results indicate that the broad spectrum of the ultrashort pulse is the dominant reason for the observed decrease in attenuation after 3 meters of travel in a long water channel. The repetition rate is found not to play a significant role at least for the long pulse scenario in this reported attenuation studies.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7340) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Water
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: November 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 1, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 7, 2007
Published: February 19, 2007

JianChao Li, Dennis R. Alexander, HaiFeng Zhang, Ufuk Parali, David W. Doerr, John C. Bruce, and Hao Wang, "Propagation of ultrashort laser pulses through water," Opt. Express 15, 1939-1945 (2007)

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