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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 8 — Apr. 16, 2007
  • pp: 4546–4556

On-axis diffraction of an ultrashort light pulse by circularly symmetric hard apertures

Omel Mendoza-Yero, Gladys Mínguez-Vega, Jesús Lancis, Mercedes Fernández-Alonso, and Vicent Climent  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 8, pp. 4546-4556 (2007)

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The analytical solution of the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld on-axis diffraction integral for an ultrashort light pulse diffracted by circularly symmetric hard apertures is derived. The particular case of a circular aperture is treated in detail. The time changes of the instantaneous intensity along the axial direction are predicted. An analysis of the standard deviation width shows a pulse broadening about the axial positions where the instantaneous intensity reaches a zero value. We show that the temporal shape of the instantaneous intensity depends on the number of oscillation cycles at the central frequency of the real electric field.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(320.5550) Ultrafast optics : Pulses

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

Original Manuscript: November 17, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 25, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 12, 2007
Published: April 3, 2007

Omel Mendoza-Yero, Gladys Mínguez-Vega, Jesús Lancis, Mercedes Fernández-Alonso, and Vicent Climent, "On-axis diffraction of an ultrashort light pulse by circularly symmetric hard apertures," Opt. Express 15, 4546-4556 (2007)

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