OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 12 — Jun. 9, 2008
  • pp: 8332–8341

Widening of Long-range femtosecond laser filaments in turbulent air

Yuan-yuan Ma, Xin Lu, Ting-ting Xi, Qi-huang Gong, and Jie Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 12, pp. 8332-8341 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (798 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The influence of air turbulence on the long-range filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses has been numerically investigated. Simulations are performed for different parameters of air turbulence and laser pulses. Simulation results indicate that the diameter of filaments formed by free propagated fs laser pulse can be widened to mm level under air turbulence. However, the widening effect can be suppressed if the propagating distance before the on-set position of filamentation becomes shorter. The reduction of non-linear focal length can be realized by pre-focusing of the laser pulse or increasing of the laser intensity. The effect of the inner scale of air turbulence on the filamentation has also been studied.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(260.5950) Physical optics : Self-focusing
(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: January 25, 2008
Revised Manuscript: April 30, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 5, 2008
Published: May 23, 2008

Yuan-yuan Ma, Xin Lu, Ting-ting Xi, Qi-huang Gong, and Jie Zhang, "Widening of Long-range femtosecond laser filaments in turbulent air," Opt. Express 16, 8332-8341 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femotosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, "The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air," Appl. Phys. B 71, 877-879 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Skupin, L. Berg???e, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, G.M???ejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. -P.Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L.W¨oste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Filamentation of femtosecond light pulses in air: Turbulent cells versus long-range clusters," Phys. Rev. E 70, 046602 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, "Optically turbulent femtosecond light guide in air," Phy. Rev. Lett. 83, 2939-2941 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Berg???e, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. M???ejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. -P.Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L.W¨oste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Multiple filamentation of terawatt laser pulses in air," Phy. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. Q1. P. B???ejot, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, M. Moret, J. P. Wolf, R. Ackermann, N. Lascoux, R. Salam???e, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, L. Berg???e, S. Champeaux, C. Guet, N. Blanchot, O. Bonville, A. Boscheron, P. Canal, M. Castaldi, O. Hartmann, C. Lepage, L. Marmande, E. Mazataud, G. Mennerat, L. Patissou, V. Prevot, D. Raffestin, and J. Ribolzi, "32 TW atmospheric white-light laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151106-3 (2007).
  7. Q2. S. Eisenmann, E. Louzon, Y. Katzir, T. Palchan, and A. Zigler, Y. Sivan, and G. Fibich, "Control of the filamentation distance and pattern in long-range atmospheric propagation," Opt. Express 16, 2279-2784 (2007).
  8. J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, "Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation," Opt. Express 16, 466-493 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation accompanying optical filamentation as first-order scattering processes," Opt. Lett. 32, 2816-2818 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q3Q4. T. Fujii, M. Miki, N. Goto, A. Zhidkov, T. Fukuchi, Y. Oishi, and Koshichi Nemoto, "Leader effects on femtosecond-laser-filament-triggered discharges", Phys. Plasmas 15, 013107-5 (2008) [CrossRef]
  11. X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, "Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lighting discharges in gases," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 31, 599-612 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. Q5. B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mecure, H. Pein, and F. A. M. Rizk, "The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sic. 27, 688-700 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eisloffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L.Woste, and J. -P.Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 70, 046602 (2004).
  14. V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva,I. S. Golubstov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white-light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. G. M???ejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. -P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B 78, 535-537 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. M???ejean, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. -P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3977-3979 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. R. Ackermann, G. M???ejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, and J. -P. Wolf, "Laser filaments generated and transmitted in highly turbulent air," Opt. Lett. 31, 86-88 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, M. P. Tamarov, A. Brodeur, and S. L. Chin, "Nucleation and random movement of filaments in the propagation of high-power laser radiation in a turbulent atmospher," Quantum. Electron. 29, 911-915 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. S. L. Chin, A. Talebpour, J. Yang, S. Petit, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and M. P. Tamarov, "Filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in turbulent air," Appl. Phys. B 74, 67-76 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water," Appl. Phys. B 75, 595-599 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. G. M???ejean, A. Couairon, Y. -B. Andr???e, C. D. Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, "Long range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air a new propagation regime without ionization," Appl. Phys. B 79,379-382 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. G. M???ejean, C. D. Amico, Y. -B. Andr???e, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, "Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser," Opt. Commun. 247, 171-180 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, "Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air prefocused versus free propagation," Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006). [CrossRef]
  24. T. T. Xi, X. Lu and J. Zhang, "Interaction of Light Filaments Generated by Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,025003 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Berg???e, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Infrared femtosecond light filaments in air: simulations and experiments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  19, 1117-1131 (2002). [CrossRef]
  26. E. M. Johanson, and D. T. Gavel, "Simulation of stellar speckle imaging," Proc. SPIE 2200, 372 (1994). [CrossRef]
  27. V. I. Tatarski: The Effects of the Turbulence Atmosphere on the Wave Propagation (Natinoal Technical Information Services, US Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 1971).
  28. W. Liu, J. -F. Gravel, F. Th???eberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Background reservoir its crucial role for longdistance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B 80, 857-860 (2005). [CrossRef]
  29. Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, "Spatial evolution of multiple filaments in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 14, 773-778 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Zheng, H. Ten, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002). [CrossRef]
  31. F. Theberge, W. W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air Strong dependence on external focusing," Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited