OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 12 — Jun. 9, 2008
  • pp: 9046–9053

In-line phase-sensitive amplification of multi-channel CW signals based on frequency nondegenerate four-wave-mixing in fiber

Renyong Tang, Preetpaul S. Devgan, Vladimir S. Grigoryan, Prem Kumar, and Michael Vasilyev  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 12, pp. 9046-9053 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (508 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate phase-sensitive amplification of multiple wavelength-division-multiplexed continuous-wave (CW) signals by frequency nondegenerate four-wave-mixing process in optical fiber. By fine-tuning the optical wavelengths of the CW signals, simultaneous phase-sensitive in-line amplification of three signal channels is realized. This indicates the possibility of amplifying multiple data channels by an in-line phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier. We also discuss a potential system architecture employing such amplifiers.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: March 10, 2008
Revised Manuscript: May 23, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 2, 2008
Published: June 4, 2008

Renyong Tang, Preetpaul S. Devgan, Vladimir S. Grigoryan, Prem Kumar, and Michael Vasilyev, "In-line phase-sensitive amplification of multi-channel CW signals based on frequency nondegenerate four-wave-mixing in fiber," Opt. Express 16, 9046-9053 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. M. Caves, "Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers," Phys. Rev. D 26,1817-1839 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. H. P. Yuen, "Design of transparent optical networks using novel quantum amplifiers and sources," Opt. Lett. 12, 789-791 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. P. Yuen, "Reduction of quantum fluctuation and suppression of the Gordon-Haus effect with phase-sensitive linear amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 17, 73-75 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, "Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 210-211 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Bartolini, R. D. Li, P. Kumar, W. Riha, and K. V. Reddy, "1.5-?m phase-sensitive amplifier for ultrahigh-speed communications," in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 202-203.
  6. D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, "Amplitude squeezing of light by means of a phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 24, 984-986 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Levandovsky, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, "Near-noiseless amplification of light by a phase-sensitive fibre amplifier," PRAMANA-J. Phys. 56, 281-285 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, "Low-noise amplification under the 3 dB noise figure in high-gain phase-sensitive fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 35, 1954-1955 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, "Inline coherent optical amplifier with noise figure lower than 3 dB quantum limit," Electron. Lett. 36, 63-64 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. G. D. Bartolini, D. K. Serkland, P. Kumar, and W. L. Kath, "All-optical storage of a picosecond-pulse packet using parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technlo. Lett. 9, 1020-1022 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Croussore, I. Kim, Y. Han, C. Kim, G. F. Li, and S. Radic, "Demonstration of phase-regeneration of DPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Express 13, 3945-3950 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-11-3945. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244-5252 (1985). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Takada and I. Imajuku, "In-line optical phase-sensitive amplifier employing pump laser injection-locked to input signal light," Electron. Lett. 34, 274-275 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. W. Imajuku and A. Takada, "In-line phase-sensitive amplifier with optical-PLL-controlled internal pump light source," Electron. Lett. 33, 2155-2156 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, "Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber," Opt. Express 12, 4973-4979 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4973. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. D. Levenson, R. M. Shelby, and S. H. Perlmutter, "Squeezing of classical noise by nondegenerate four-wave mixing in an optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 10, 514-516 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. Bar-Joseph, A. A. Friesem, R. G. Waarts, and H. H. Yaffe, "Parametric interaction of a modulated wave in a single-mode fiber," Opt. Lett. 11, 534-536 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, "In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1845-1847 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, "Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication," Electron. Lett. 41, 1072-1073 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Vasilyev, "Distributed phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Express 13, 7563 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-19-7563. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, "Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input," Opt. Express 13, 10483 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-26-10483. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. Tang, M. Shin, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, M. Vasilyev, and P. Kumar, "Toward in-line phase-sensitive fiber-parametric amplification of multichannel signals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2006, May 2006, Long Beach, CA, paper JThC81.
  23. G. Cappellini and S. Trillo, "Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: exact solutions and spatial instability effects," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 824-831 (1991). [CrossRef]
  24. P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, "Noise Characteristics of Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 409 (2004). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Kylemark, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, "Gain and Wavelength Dependence of the Noise-Figure in Fiber Optical Parametric Amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1255 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. F. Li, "All-Optical Carrier Synchronization Using a Phase-Sensitive Oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987 (2007). [CrossRef]
  27. M. Vasilyev and T. I. Lakoba, "All-optical multichannel 2R regeneration in a fiber-based device," Opt. Lett. 30, 1458 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. T. I. Lakoba and M. Vasilyev, "A new robust regime for a dispersion-managed multichannel 2R regenerator," Opt. Express 15, 10061 (2007), [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: AVI (135 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (149 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited