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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 12 — Jun. 9, 2008
  • pp: 9112–9117

Polarization control of defect modes in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals

Michael James Ventura and Min Gu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 12, pp. 9112-9117 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.009112


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Abstract

The symmetry of a Fabry-Perot-like planar cavity embedded within a three-dimensional (3D) woodpile photonic crystal prevents the observation of polarization effects. In this letter we propose a geometry to break the degeneracy of the Fabry-Perot-like cavity modes by introducing asymmetry. The introduction of a one-dimensional (1D) lattice to the centre of a planar cavity allows for distinct modes parallel (TE) and perpendicular (TM) to the layer. This hybrid 3D-1D-3D lattice structure exhibits a pronounced increase in the quality-factor, and in particular shows an increase of up to 50% more than that of a planar cavity for TM modes.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2230) Diffraction and gratings : Fabry-Perot
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: April 29, 2008
Revised Manuscript: May 29, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2008
Published: June 4, 2008

Citation
Michael J. Ventura and Min Gu, "Polarization control of defect modes in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals," Opt. Express 16, 9112-9117 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-9112


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