OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 13 — Jun. 23, 2008
  • pp: 9671–9676

Supercontinuum generation in a water-core photonic crystal fiber

Alexandre Bozolan, Christiano J. S. de Matos, Cristiano M. B. Cordeiro, Eliane M. dos Santos, and John Travers  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 13, pp. 9671-9676 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (139 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Supercontinuum generation is demonstrated in a 5-cm-long water-core photonic crystal fiber pumped near water’s zero-dispersion wavelength. Up to 500-nm spectral width (evaluated at -20 dB from the peak) is achieved, while spectral widths were over 4 times narrower with a bulk setup at the same wavelength and peak power, and over 3 times narrower if the PCF was pumped away from the zero-dispersion wavelength. The supercontinuum generation mechanisms for bulk and waveguide setups are compared and tuning of the zero-dispersion wavelength via waveguide dispersion is theoretically investigated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7340) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Water
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

Original Manuscript: April 29, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 7, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 7, 2008
Published: June 16, 2008

Alexandre Bozolan, Christiano J. de Matos, Cristiano M. B. Cordeiro, Eliane M. dos Santos, and John Travers, "Supercontinuum generation in a water-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 16, 9671-9676 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-596 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. R. R. Alfano, The supercontinuum laser source, 2nd Edition (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).
  3. C. Lin and R. H. Stolen, "New nanosecond continuum for excited-state spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216-218 (1976). [CrossRef]
  4. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dipersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-Crystal fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 4729-4749 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Humbert, W. J. Wadsworth, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, M. J. Laderer, D. Kopf, K. Wiesauer, E. I. Breuer, and D. Stifter, "Supercontinuum generation system for optical coherence tomography based on tapered photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 14, 1596-1603 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell "An optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Hult, R. S. Watt, and C. F. Kaminski, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibers using supercontinuum pulses," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 820-824 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Optical spectral broadening and supercontinnum generation in telecom applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122-147 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Fini, "Microstructure fibres for optical sensing in gases and liquids," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120-1128 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Smolka, M. Barth, and O. Benson, "Highly efficient fluorescence sensing with hollow core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 12786-12891 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Férvrier, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy, "Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express 13, 4786-4791 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Zhang, J. Teipel, and H. Giessen, "Theoretical design of a liquid-core photonic crystal fiber for supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 6800-6812 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. S. L. Gomes, E. L. Falcão-Filho, C. B. de Araújo, D. Ratativa, and R. E. de Araújo, "Thermally managed eclipse Z-scan," Opt. Express 15, 1712-1717 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. Dumais, C. L. Callender, J. P. Noad, and C. J. Ledderhof, "Integrated liquid core waveguides for nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 101101 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, H. L. Ho, Y. L. Hoo, and C. Zhao, "Fabrication of selective injection microstructured optical fibers with a conventional fusion splicer," Opt. Express 13, 9014-9022 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. G. V. Engen, S. A. Diddams, and T. Clement, "Dispersion measurements of water with white-light interferometry," Appl. Opt. 37, 5679-5686 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2002). [CrossRef]
  20. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  21. I. Santa, P. Foggi, R. Righini, and J. H. Williams, "Time-resolved optical Kerr effect measurements in aqueous ionic solutions," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 7692-7701 (1994). [CrossRef]
  22. L. de Boni, A. A. Andrade, L. Misoguti, C. R. Mendonça, and S. C. Zilio, "Z-scan measurements using femtosecond continuum generation," Opt. Express 12, 3921-43927 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, "Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 637-650 (1999). [CrossRef]
  24. A. L. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, "Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 43905 (2003). [CrossRef]
  26. Crystal Fibre A/S, http://www.crystal-fibre.com.
  27. Y.-F. Li, M. C.-Y. Wang, and M.-L. Hu, "A fully vectorial effective index method for photonic crystal fibers: application to dispersion calculation," Opt. Commun. 238, 29-33 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited