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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 14 — Jul. 7, 2008
  • pp: 10480–10492

Optical spatial solitons at the interface between two dissimilar periodic media: theory and experiment

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, R. Morandotti, M. Volatier, V. Aimez, R. Arès, E. H. Yang , and G. Salamo  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 14, pp. 10480-10492 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.010480


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Abstract

Discrete spatial solitons traveling along the interface between two dissimilar one-dimensional arrays of waveguides were observed for the first time. Two interface solitons were found theoretically, each one with a peak in a different boundary channel. One evolves into a soliton from a linear mode at an array separation larger than a critical separation where-as the second soliton always exhibits a power threshold. These solitons exhibited different power thresholds which depended on the characteristics of the two lattices. For excitation of single channels near and at the boundary, the evolution behavior with propagation distance indicates that the solitons peaked near and at the interface experience an attractive potential on one side of the boundary, and a repulsive one on the opposite side. The power dependence of the solitons at variable distance from the boundary was found to be quite different on opposite sides of the interface and showed evidence for soliton switching between channels with increasing input power.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4350) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 18, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 23, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 25, 2008
Published: June 27, 2008

Citation
S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, R. Morandotti, M. Volatier, V. Aimez, R. Arès, E. H. Yang, and G. Salamo, "Optical spatial solitons at the interface between two dissimilar periodic media: theory and experiment," Opt. Express 16, 10480-10492 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-14-10480


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