OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 17 — Aug. 18, 2008
  • pp: 13032–13041

Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on polarization-maintaining fibers and frequency multiplexing

Muhammad K. Al-Qaisi and Taner Akkin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 17, pp. 13032-13041 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.013032


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1498 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report a novel polarization-maintaining fiber based optical coherence tomography for single detector imaging of tissue reflectivity and birefringence. A single depth scan yields quantitative birefringence information along the A-line accurately. Since the orthogonal polarization channels are frequency multiplexed, the polarization information is extracted by using digital band-pass filters. Here, we introduce the optical system and present the reflectivity and birefringence images of biological tissues with an axial resolution of 7.9 µm and SNR of 30 dB.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.4500) Imaging systems : Optical coherence tomography
(120.3890) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Medical optics instrumentation
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: June 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 18, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: July 31, 2008
Published: August 11, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Muhammad K. Al-Qaisi and Taner Akkin, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on polarization-maintaining fibers and frequency multiplexing," Opt. Express 16, 13032-13041 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13032


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 903- (1992). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-9-6-903 [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Everett, K. Schoenenberger, B. W. Colston, Jr., and L. B. Da Silva, "Birefringence characterization of biological tissue by use of optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 23, 228-230 (1998). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-23-3-228 [CrossRef]
  3. J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 300-302 (1999). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-24-5-300 [CrossRef]
  4. G. Yao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix characterization of biological tissue by optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 537-539 (1999). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-24-8-537 [CrossRef]
  5. K. Schoenenberger, B. W. Colston, D. J. Maitland, L. B. Da Silva, and M. J. Everett, "Mapping of Birefringence and Thermal Damage in Tissue by use of Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography," Appl. Opt. 37, 6026-6036 (1998). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-25-6026 [CrossRef]
  6. B. H. Park, C. Saxer, T. Chen, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by high-speed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. DrexlerW , StamperD , JesserC , LiX , PitrisC , SaundersK , MartinS , LodgeMB , FujimotoJG , BrezinskiME , "Correlation of collagen organization with polarization sensitive imaging of in vitro cartilage: implications for osteoarthritis," J Rheumatol 28,1311-1318 (2001)
  8. W. -C. Kuo, N. -K. Chou, C. Chou, C. -M. Lai, H. -J. Huang, S. -S. Wang, and J. -J. Shyu, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography for imaging human atherosclerosis," Appl. Opt. 46, 2520-2527 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-13-2520 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. G. Ducros, J. D. Marsack, H. G. RylanderIII, S. L. Thomsen, and T. E. Milner, "Primate retina imaging with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2945-2956 (2001). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-18-12-2945 [CrossRef]
  10. M. J. Everett, K. Schoenenberger, B. W. Colston, Jr., and L. B. Da Silva, "Birefringence characterization of biological tissue by use of optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 23, 228-230 (1998). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-23-3-228 [CrossRef]
  11. J. F. de Boer, S. M. Srinivas, B. H. Park, T. H. Pham, Z. Chen, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Polarization effects in optical coherence tomography of various biological tissues," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1200-1204 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Hitzenberger, E. Goetzinger, M. Sticker, M. Pircher, and A. Fercher, "Measurement and imaging of birefringence and optic axis orientation by phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 9, 780-790 (2001).http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-9-13-780 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "High-speed fiber based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin," Opt. Lett. 25, 1355-1357 (2000). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-25-18-1355 [CrossRef]
  14. J. E. Roth, J. A. Kozak, S. Yazdanfar, A. M. Rollins, and J. A. Izatt, "Simplified method for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 26, 1069-1071 (2001). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-26-14-1069 [CrossRef]
  15. R. Leitgeb, C. Hitzenberger, and A. Fercher, "Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 11, 889-894 (2003). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-8-889 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Choma, M. Sarunic, C. Yang, and J. Izatt, "Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 11, 2183-2189 (2003). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-18-2183 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-21-2067 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina," Opt. Express 13, 10217-10229 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-25-10217 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Yamanari, S. Makita, V. D. Madjarova, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, "Fiber-based polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography using B-scan-oriented polarization modulation method," Opt. Express 14, 6502-6515 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-14-6502 [PubMed]
  20. B. Baumann, E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Single camera based spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 15, 1054-1063 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-3-1054 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. Cense, M. Mujat, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, and J. F. de Boer, "Polarization-sensitive spectral-domain optical coherence tomography using a single line scan camera," Opt. Express 15, 2421-2431 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2421 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Zhang, W. Jung, J. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Full range polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 12, 6033-6039 (2004). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-24-6033 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing," Opt. Express 16, 1096-1103 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1096 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Yamanari, S. Makita, and Y. Yasuno, "Polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation," Opt. Express 16, 5892-5906 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. W. Y. Oh, B. J. Vakoc, S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Single-detector polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging using high-speed intra A-line polarization modulation," Opt. Lett. 33, 1330-1332 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-12-1330 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. P. Davé and T. E. Milner, "Optical low-coherence reflectometer for differential phase measurement," Opt. Lett. 25, 227-229 (2000). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-25-4-227 [CrossRef]
  27. Digant P. Dave, Taner Akkin, Thomas E. Milner and H. Grady RylanderIII, "Phase-sensitive frequency-multiplexed optical low-coherence reflectometery," Opt. Commun. 193, 39-43 (2001). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TVF-4379G98-6/2/13fd586a34580152423fd2c6b958a9b8 [CrossRef]
  28. D. P. Davé, T. Akkin, and T. E. Milner, "Polarization-maintaining fiber-based optical low-coherence reflectometer for characterization and ranging of birefringence," Opt. Lett. 28, 1775-1777 (2003). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-19-1775 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. G. Fujimoto, "High-speed phase- and group-delay scanning with a grating-based phase control delay line," Opt. Lett. 22, 1811-1813 (1997). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-22-23-1811 [CrossRef]
  30. E. D. J. Smith, A. V. Zvyagin, and D. D. Sampson, "Real-time dispersion compensation in scanning interferometry," Opt. Lett. 27, 1998-2000 (2002). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-27-22-1998 [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited