OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 18 — Sep. 1, 2008
  • pp: 14106–14114

Two-photon induced polymer nanomovement

Hidekazu Ishitobi, Satoru Shoji, Tsunemi Hiramatsu, Hong-Bo Sun, Zouheir Sekkat, and Satoshi Kawata  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 18, pp. 14106-14114 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (242 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the first report of two-photon induced plastic surface deformation in solid polymer films. Exposure of azo polymer films, which absorb in the visible range (λmax=480 nm), to intense 920 nm irradiation leads to polarization dependent photofluidic polymer nanomovement caused by photoselective two-photon trans ↔ cis isomerization. The deformations were induced by a gradient of light intensity; and strongly depend on the wavelength and the polarization direction of the incident laser light and the position of the focused spot with respect to the plane of the polymer film.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(160.5335) Materials : Photosensitive materials

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: June 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 1, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2008
Published: August 26, 2008

Hidekazu Ishitobi, Satoru Shoji, Tsunemi Hiramatsu, Hong-Bo Sun, Zouheir Sekkat, and Satoshi Kawata, "Two-photon induced polymer nanomovement," Opt. Express 16, 14106-14114 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Z. Sekkat and W. Knoll, ed., Photoreactive Organic Thin Films, (Academic Press, USA, 2002).
  2. Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, "Photoassisted Poling of Azo Dye Doped Polymeric Films at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 54, 486-489 (1992).
  3. F. Charra, F. Kajzar, J. M. Nunzi, P. Raimond, and E. Idiart, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in azo-dye polymers," Opt. Lett. 18, 941-943 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn, "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138 (1995). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Y. Kim, S. K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar, "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Bian, D. Robinson, and M. Kuzyk, "Optically activated cantilever using photomechanical effects in dye-doped polymer fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 697-708 (2006).
  7. O. M. Tanchak and C. J. Barrett, "Light-induced reversible volume changes in thin films of azo polymers: The photomechanical effect," Macromolecules 38, 10566-10570 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Sekkat, J. Wood, E. F. Aust, W. Knoll, W. Volksen, and R. D. Miller, "light-induced orientation in a high glass transition temperature polyimide with polar azo dyes in the side chain," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1713-1724 (1996).
  9. Z. Sekkat, P. Prêtre, A. Knoesen, W. Volksen, V. Y. Lee, R. D. Miller, J. Wood, and W. Knoll, "Correlation between polymer architecture and sub-glass-transition-temperature light-induced molecular movement in azo-polyimide polymers: influence on linear and second- and third-order nonlinear optical processes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 401-413 (1998).
  10. Z. Sekkat, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, "Two-photon isomerization and orientation of photoisomers in thin films of polymer," Opt. Commun. 222, 269-276 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Sekkat, "Isomeric orientation by two-photon excitation: a theoretical study," Opt. Commun. 229, 291-303 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Sekkat, D. Yasumatsu, and S. Kawata, "Pure Photoorientation of azo dye in polyurethanes and quantification of orientation of spectrally overlapping isomers," J. Phys. Chem. B. 106, 12407-12417 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Ordering of azobenzenes by two-photon isomerization," J. Chem. Phys. 125, 164718 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Photo-orientation by multiphoton photoselection," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 23, 868-873 (2006).
  15. M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat and S. Kawata, "Polarization storage by nonlinear orientational hole burning in azo dye-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351-353 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, "Two-photon energy transfer enhanced three-dimensional optical memory in quantum-dot and azo-dye doped polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 063309 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. D. Gindre, I. Ka, A. Boeglin, A. Fort, and K. D. Dorkenoo, "Image storage through gray-scale encoding of second harmonic signals in azo-dye copolymers" Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 094103 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Gindre, A. Boeglin, A. Fort, L. Mager, and K. D. Dorkenoo, "Rewritable optical data storage in azobenzene copolymers" Opt. Express 14, 9896-9901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. Gindre, A. Boeglin, G. Taupier, O. Crégut, J.-P. Vola, A. Barsella, L. Mager, A. Fort, and K. D. Dorkenoo, "Toward submicrometer optical storage through controlled molecular disorder in azo-dye copolymer films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 532-537 (2007).
  20. C. R. Mendonça, U. M. Neves, L. De Boni, A. A. Andrade, D. S. dos SantosJr., F. J. Pavinatto, S. C. Zilio, L. Misoguti, and O. N. OliveiraJr, "Two-photon induced anisotropy in PMMA film doped with Disperse Red 13," Opt. Commun. 273, 435-440 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Liu, K. S. Lin, V. M. Churikov, Y. Z. Su, J. T. Lin, T. -H. Huang, and C. C. Hsu, "Two-photon absorption properties of star-shaped molecules containing peripheral diarylthienylamines," Chem. Phys. Lett. 390, 433-439 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. N. D. Lai, W. L. Wang, J. H. Lin, and C. C. Hsu, "Optical manipulation of third-harmonic generation via either one- or two-photon excitation in diarylethene-polymethylmethacrylate polymer thin films," Appl. Phys. B 80, 569-572 (2005).
  23. S. W. Magennis, F. S. Mackay, A. C. Jones, K. M. Tait, and P. J. Sadler, "Two-Photon-Induced Photoisomerization of an Azo Dye," Chem. Mater. 17, 2059-2062 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. C. C. Corredor, K. D. Belfield, M. V. Bondar, O. V. Przhonska, F. E. Hernandez, and O. D. Kachkovsky, "One- and two-photon photochromism of 3,4-bis-(2,4,5-trimethyl-thiophen-3-yl)furan-2,5-dione," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 184, 177-183 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Jung, V. M. Kozenkov, S. A. Magnitskii, and N. M. Nagorskii, "Optical orientation of azo dye molecules in a thin solid film upon nonlinear excitation by femtosecond laser pulses," Quantum Electron. 36, 1056-1057 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. K. D. Belfield, M. V. Bondar, C. C. Corredor, F. E. Hernandez, O. V. Przhonska, and S. Yao, "Two-Photon Photochromism of a Diarylethene Enhanced by Förster Resonance Energy Transfer from Two-Photon Absorbing Fluorenes," ChemPhysChem 7, 2514-2519 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. A. M. Dubrovkin, Y. Jung, V. M. Kozenkov, S. A. Magnitskii, and N. M. Nagorskiy, "Nonlinear induced polarization dependent scattering in solid state azo-dye films," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 275-278 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. S. Kawata, H. -B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices - Micromachines can be created with higher resolution using two-photon absorption," Nature 412, 697-698 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. K. Munakata, K. Harada, M. Itoh, S. Umegaki, and T. Yatagai, "A new holographic recording material and its diffraction efficiency increase effect: the use of photoinduced surface deformation in azo-polymer film," Opt. Commun. 191, 15-19 (2001). [CrossRef]
  30. L. L. Nedelchev, A. S. Matharu, S. Hvilsted, and P. S. Ramanujam, "Photoinduced anisotropy in a family of amorphous azobenzene polyesters for optical storage," Appl. Opt. 42, 5918-5927 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. N. Koyayashi, C. Egami and Y. Kawata, "Optical Storage Media with Dye-Doped Minute Spheres on Polymer Films," Opt. Rev. 10, 262-266 (2003). [CrossRef]
  32. S. Davy and M. Spajer, "Near filed optics: Snapshot of the field emitted by a nanosource using a photosensitive polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3306-3308 (1996). [CrossRef]
  33. F. Iwata, K. Kobayashi, A. Sasaki, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, M. Tuchimori and O. Watanabe, "Nanometre-scale modification of a urethane-urea copolymer film using local field enhancement at an apex of a metal coated probe," Nanotechnology 13, 138-142 (2002). [CrossRef]
  34. R. Bachelot, F. H�??Dhili, D. Barchiesi, G. Lerondel, R. Fikri, P. Royer, N. Landraud, J. Peretti, F. Chaput G. Lampel, J-P. Boilot, and K. Lahlil, "Apertureless near-field optical microscopy: A study of the local tip field enhancement using photosensitive azobenzene-containing films," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 2060-2072 (2003). [CrossRef]
  35. C. Hubert, A. Rumyantseva, G. Lerondel, J. Grand, S. Kostcheev, L. Billot, A. Vial, R. Bachelot, P. Royer, S-H Chang, S. K. Gray, G. P. Wiederrecht, and G. C. Schatz, "Near-Field Photochemical Imaging of Nobel Metal Nanostructures," Nano Lett. 5, 615-619 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Gilbert, R. Bachelot, A. Vial, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, A. Bouhelier, and G. P. Wiederrecht, "Photoresponsive polymers for topographic simulation of the optical near-field of a nanometer sized gold tip in a highly focused laser beam," Opt. Express 13, 3619-3624 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. P. Karageorgiev, D. Neher, B. Schulz, B. Stiller, U. Pietsch, M. Giersig, and L. Brehmer, "From anisotropic photo-fluidity towards nanomanipulation in the optical near-field," Nat. Mater. 4, 699-703 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. H. Ishitobi, M. Tanabe, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Nanomovement of azo polymers induced by metal tip enhanced near-field irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091911 (2007). [CrossRef]
  39. T. G. Pedersen, P. M. Johansen, N. C. R. Holme, and P. S. Ramanujam, "Mean-field Theory of Photoinduced Formation of Surface Reliefs in Side-Chain Azobenzene Polymers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 89-92 (1998). [CrossRef]
  40. P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, J. M. Nunzi, "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes," Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328 (1998). [CrossRef]
  41. F. L. Labarthet, J. L. Bruneel, T. Buffeteau, and C. Sourisseau, "Chromophore Orientations upon Irradiation in Gratings Inscribed on Azo-Dye Polymer Films: A Combined AFM and Confocal Raman Microscopic Study," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 6949-6960 (2004).
  42. S. Bian, J. M. Williams, D. Y. Kim, L. Lin, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar and S. Tripathy, "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508 (1999). [CrossRef]
  43. Y. Gilbert, R. Bachelot, P. Royer, A. Bouhelier, G. P. Wiederrecht, and L. Novotny, "Longitudinal anisotropy of the photoinduced molecular migration in azobenzene polymer films," Opt. Lett. 31, 613-615 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. T. Grosjean and D Courjon, "Photopolymers as vectorial sensors of the electric field," Opt. Express 14, 2203-2210 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. H. Ishitobi, M. Tanabe, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "The anisotropic nanomovement of azo-polymers," Opt. Express 91, 652-659 (2007). [CrossRef]
  46. J. Krüger, S. Martin, H. Mädebach, L. Urech, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, and W. Kautek, "Femto- and nanosecond laser treatment of doped polymethylmethacrylate," Appl. Sur. Sci. 247, 406-411 (2005). [CrossRef]
  47. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, "Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles," Opt. Lett. 11, 288-290 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. S. Kobatake, S. Takami, H. Muto, T. Ishikawa, and M. Irie, "Rapid and reversible shape changes of molecular crystals on photoirradiation," Nature 446, 778-781 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, "Optical microfabrication of chalcogenide glasses," Science 270, 974-975 (1995). [CrossRef]
  50. S. Juodkazis, N. Mukai, R. Wakaki, A. Yamaguchi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Reversible phase transitions in polymer gels induced by radiation forces," Nature 408, 178-181 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998). [CrossRef]
  52. A. La Porta and M. D. Wang, "Optical torque wrench: Angular trapping, rotation, and torque detection of quartz microparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 190801 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. M. Liu, N. Ji, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, "Radiation torque on a birefringent sphere caused by an electromagnetic wave," Phys. Rev. E 72, 056610 (2005).
  54. W. Singer, T. A. Nieminen, U. J. Gibson, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Orientation of optically trapped nonspherical birefringent particles," Phys. Rev. E 73, 021911 (2006).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited