OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 2 — Jan. 21, 2008
  • pp: 1132–1141

Theoretical development of a high-resolution differential-interference-contrast optic for x-ray microscopy

Olov von Hofsten, Michael Bertilson, and Ulrich Vogt  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 1132-1141 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.001132


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2027 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, the theoretical background and development of a differential-interference contrast (DIC) x-ray optic is presented. The single-element optic is capable of high-resolution phase contrast imaging and is compatible with compact sources. It is shown that an understanding of the coherence requirements in this type of imaging is imperative and is explained in detail. The optic is capable of a wavefront separation equal to the resolution of the optic which places only minor constraints on the object illumination.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(180.7460) Microscopy : X-ray microscopy
(340.0340) X-ray optics : X-ray optics

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 16, 2007
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: January 13, 2008
Published: January 15, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Olov von Hofsten, Michael Bertilson, and Ulrich Vogt, "Theoretical development of a high-resolution differential-interference-contrast optic for x-ray microscopy," Opt. Express 16, 1132-1141 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1132


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Aoki, Y Kagoshima, and Y. Suzuki, eds., X-Ray Microscopy, (The Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, Tokyo, Japan 2006).
  2. D. T. Attwood, Soft X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999).
  3. W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, "Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm," Nature 435, 1210-1213 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. A. Larabell and M. A. Le Gros, "X-ray Tomography Generates 3-D Reconstructions of the Yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, at 60-nm Resolution," Mol. Biol. Cell 15, 957-962 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, P. Guttmann, G. Schneider, J. Thieme, and B. Niemann, "Phase contrast studies of biological specimens with the X-ray microscope at BESSY," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1282-1286 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Schmahl, D. Rudolph, G. Schneider, P. Guttmann, and B. Niemann, "Phase contrast X-ray microscopy studies," Optik 97, 181-182 (1994).
  7. T. Wilhein, B. Kaulich, and J. Susini, "Two zone plate interference contrast microscopy at 4 keV photon energy," Opt. Commun. 193, 19-26 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Wilhein, B. Kaulich, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, S. Cabrini, and J. Susini, "Differential interference contrast X-ray microscopy with submicron resolution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2082-2084 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. B. Kaulich, T. Wilhein, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Altissimo, S. Cabrini, B. Fayard, and J. Susini, "Differential interference contrast X-ray microscopy with twin zone plates," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 797-806 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. E. Di Fabrizio, D. Cojoc, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, P. Facci, and T. Wilhein, "Diffractive optical elements for differential interference contrast x-ray microscopy," Opt. Express 11, 2278-2288 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. U. Vogt, M. Lindblom, P. A. C. Jansson, T. T. Tuohimaa, A. Holmberg, H. M. Hertz, M. Wieland, and T. Wilhein, "Single-optical-element soft-x-ray interferometry with a laser-plasma x-ray source," Opt. Lett. 30, 2167-2169 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Chang, A. Sakdinawat, P. Fischer, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, "Single-element objective lens for soft x-ray differential interference contrast microscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 1564-1566 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Fischer, G. Denbeaux, T. Ono, T. Okuno, T. Eimuller, D. Goll, and G. Schutz, "Study of magnetic domains by magnetic soft x-ray transmission microscopy," J. Phys. D 35, 2391-2397 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. P. A. C. Takman, H. Stollberg, G. A. Johansson, A. Holmberg, M. Lindblom, and H. M. Hertz, "High-resolution compact x-ray microscopy," J. Microsc. 226, 175-181 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Bertilson, O. von Hofsten, and U. Vogt, "Compact high-resolution differential interference contrast soft x-ray microscopy," Submitted to Appl. Phys. Lett. (2007).
  16. R. D. Allen, G. B. David, and G. Nomarski, "The Zeiss-Nomarski differential interference equipment for transmitted-light microscopy," Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Mikroskopie und Mikroskopische Technik 69, 193-222 (1969). [PubMed]
  17. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, (Wiley, New York 1985).
  18. C. Preza, D. L. Snyder, and J. Conchello, "Theoretical development and experimental evaluation of imaging models for differential-interference-contrast microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2185-2199 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. O. von Hofsten, P. A. C. Takman, and U. Vogt, "Simulation of partially coherent image formation in a compact soft x-ray microscope," Ultramicroscopy 107, 604-609 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light, (Cambridge University Press, 1999). [PubMed]
  21. A. G. Michette, Optical Systems for Soft X Rays, (Plenum Press, New York, 1986). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited