OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 2 — Jan. 21, 2008
  • pp: 829–840

64 and 128 coherent QAM optical transmission over 150 km using frequency-stabilized laser and heterodyne PLL detection

Masato Yoshida, Hiroki Goto, Keisuke Kasai, and Masataka Nakazawa  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 829-840 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.000829


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1807 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe 1 Gsymbol/s, 64 and 128 coherent quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) transmissions over 150 km, in which we employ a frequency-stabilized C2H2 fiber laser, an optical phase-looked loop (OPLL), and a heterodyne detection circuit.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Coherent Systems

History
Original Manuscript: October 12, 2007
Revised Manuscript: December 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: December 10, 2007
Published: January 9, 2008

Virtual Issues
Coherent Optical Communication (2008) Optics Express

Citation
Masato Yoshida, Hiroki Goto, Keisuke Kasai, and Masataka Nakazawa, "64 and 128 coherent QAM optical transmission over 150 km using frequency-stabilized laser and heterodyne PLL detection," Opt. Express 16, 829-840 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-829


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Tsukamoto, D. S. Ly-Gagnon, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Coherent demodulation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK signals with 16-GHz spacing after 200-km transmission," in Tech. Digest of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, 2005, Postdeadline paper PDP29. [CrossRef]
  2. S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, "Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme," in Tech. Digest of European Conference on Optical Communication, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.
  3. N. Kikuchi, K. Mandai, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, "First experimental demonstration of single-polarization 50-Gbit/s 32-level (QASK and 8-DPSK) incoherent optical multilevel transmission," in Tech. Digest of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, 2007, Postdeadline paper PDP21.
  4. K. Kikuchi, "Coherent detection of phase-shift-keying signals using digital carrier-phase estimation," in Tech. Digest of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, 2006, Paper OTuI4.
  5. M. Nakazawa, M. Yoshida, K. Kasai and J. Hongou, "20 Msymbol/s, 64 and 128 QAM coherent optical transmission over 525 km using heterodyne detection with frequency-stabilized laser," Electron. Lett. 42, 710-712 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. H. H. Lu and W. S. Tsai, "A hybrid CATV/256-QAM/OC-48 DWDM system over an 80-km LEAF transport," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 49, 97-102 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, "Carrier synchronization for 3- and 4-bit-per-symbol optical transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4110-4124 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. R. C. Steele, "Optical phase-locked loop using semiconductor laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 19, 69-71 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. O. Ishida, H. Toba, and Y. Tohmori, "0.04 Hz relative optical-frequency stability in a 1.5 μm distributed-Bragg-reflector (DBR) laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 452-454 (1989). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, "Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser," IEICE Electronics Express 3, 487-492 (2006). http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/elex/3/22/3_487/_article [CrossRef]
  12. A. Suzuki, Y. Takahashi, and M. Nakazawa, "A polarization-maintained, ultranarrow FBG filter with a linewidth of 1.3 GHz", IEICE Electronics Express 3, 469-473 (2006). http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/elex/3/22/3_469/_article [CrossRef]
  13. D. W. Allan, "Statistics of atomic frequency standards," Proc. IEEE 54, 221-230 (1966). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett. 16, 630-631 (1980). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Hongo, K. Kasai, M. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "1 Gsymbol/s, 64 QAM coherent optical transmission over 150 km with a spectral efficiency of 3 bit/s/Hz," in Tech. Digest of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, 2007, Paper OMP3.
  16. M. Nakazawa, J. Hongo, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida "Polarization-multiplexed 1 Gsymbol/s, 64 QAM (12 Gbit/s) coherent optical transmission over 150 km with an optical bandwidth of 2 GHz," in Tech. Digest of the Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, 2007, Postdeadline paper PDP 26 (2007).
  17. H. Nyquist, "Certain topics in telegraph transmission theory," AIEE Trans. 47, 617-644 (1928).
  18. I. Horikawa, T. Murase, and Y. Saito, "Design and performance of a 200 Mbit/s 16 QAM digital radio system," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM- 27, 1953-1958 (1979). [CrossRef]
  19. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, Calif., 2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited