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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 20 — Sep. 29, 2008
  • pp: 16215–16226

Low loss photonic components in high index bismuth borate glass by femtosecond laser direct writing

Weijia Yang, Costantino Corbari, Peter G. Kazansky, Koichi Sakaguchi, and Isabel C.S. Carvalho  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 20, pp. 16215-16226 (2008)

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Single mode, low loss waveguides were fabricated in high index bismuth borate glass by femtosecond laser direct writing. A specific set of writing parameters leading to waveguides perfectly mode matched to standard single-mode fibers at 1.55 µm with an overall insertion loss of ~1 dB and with propagation loss below 0.2 dB/cm was identified. Photonic components such as Y-splitters and directional couplers were also demonstrated. A close agreement between their performances and theoretical predictions based upon the characterization of the waveguide properties is shown. Finally, the nonlinear refractive index of the waveguides has been measured to be 6.6×10-15 cm2/W by analyzing self-phase modulation of the propagating femtosecond laser pulse at the wavelength of 1.46 µm. Broadening of the transmitted light source as large as 500 nm was demonstrated through a waveguide with the length of 1.8 cm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
(130.2755) Integrated optics : Glass waveguides

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: July 22, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 5, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 6, 2008
Published: September 26, 2008

Weijia Yang, Costantino Corbari, Peter G. Kazansky, Koichi Sakaguchi, and Isabel C. Carvalho, "Low loss photonic components in high index bismuth borate glass by femtosecond laser direct writing," Opt. Express 16, 16215-16226 (2008)

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