OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 5 — Mar. 3, 2008
  • pp: 2894–2908

Out-of-plane coupling at mode cutoff in tapered hollow waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings

N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 5, pp. 2894-2908 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.002894


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1685 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe the theoretical and experimental analysis of light propagation in tapered, air-core waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings. For light within the omnidirectional band, nearly vertical out-ofplane radiation at wavelength-dependent positions along the length of the taper was observed. The coupling positions correspond to the core sizes at which individual modes approach cutoff. The leaky nature and low scattering loss of the waveguides enabled the direct imaging of modal interference and standing waves. The out-coupling experiments were corroborated by in-coupling experiments and by a theoretical analysis. The mechanism described might find application to three-dimensional optical integration, on-chip spectroscopy, and wavelength division multiplexing.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 14, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: February 14, 2008
Published: February 15, 2008

Citation
N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby, "Out-of-plane coupling at mode cutoff in tapered hollow waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings," Opt. Express 16, 2894-2908 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-5-2894


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. F. Krauss, "Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," J. Phys. D. 40, 2666-2670 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. M. L. Povinelli, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light enhancement of radiation pressure in an omnidirectional-reflector waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1466-1468 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Sakurai and F. Koyama, "Control of group delay and chromatic dispersion in tunable hollow waveguide with highly reflective mirrors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5828-5831 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, D. A. Yarotsky, and S. V. Gaponenko, "All-dielectric one-dimensional periodic structures for total omnidirectional reflection and partial spontaneous emission control," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2018-2024 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S.-S. Lo, M.-S. Wang, and C.-C. Chen, " Semiconductor hollow optical waveguides formed by omni-directional reflectors," Opt. Express 12, 6589-6593 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Yi, S. Akiyama, P. Bermel, X. Duan, and L. C. Kimerling, "Sharp bending of on-chip silicon Bragg cladding waveguide with light guiding in low index core materials," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1345-1348 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. R. G. DeCorby, N. Ponnampalam, H. T. Nguyen, M. M. Pai, and T. J. Clement, "Guided self-assembly of integrated hollow Bragg waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 3902-3915 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby, "Self-assembled hollow waveguides with hybrid metal-dielectric Bragg claddings," Opt. Express 15, 12595-12604 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "High efficiency silicon-on-insulator grating coupler based on a poly-silicon overlay," Opt. Express 14, 11622-11630 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Lamontagne, P. Cheben, E. Post, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, and A. Delage, "Fabrication of out-of-plane micromirrors in silicon-on-insulator planar waveguides," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 24, 718-722 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. P. K. Tien, G. Smolinsky, and R. J. Martin, "Radiation fields of a tapered film and a novel film-to-fiber coupler," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 23, 79-85 (1975). [CrossRef]
  13. J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, and R. A. Athale, "Optical interconnections for VLSI systems," Proc. of IEEE 72, 850-866 (1984). [CrossRef]
  14. A. V. Mule, E. N. Glytsis, T. K. Gaylord, and J. D. Meindl, "Electrical and optical clock distribution networks for gigascale microprocessors," IEEE Trans. VLSI Systems 10, 582-594 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. F. Lederer, U. Trutschel, and C. Waechter, "Prismless excitation of guided waves," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1536-1540 (1991). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Miura, Y. Yokota, and F. Koyama, "Proposal of tunable demultiplexer based on tapered hollow waveguides with highly reflective multilayer mirrors," Proc. of LEOS 2005, 272-273 (2005).
  17. N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby, "Analysis and fabrication of hybrid metal-dielectric omnidirectional Bragg reflectors," Appl. Opt. 47, 30-37 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. M.-W. Moon, K.-R. Lee, K.H. Oh, and J. W. Hutchinson, "Buckle delamination on patterned substrates," Acta Mater. 52, 3151-3159 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Colin, C. Coupeau, and J. Grilhe, "Plastic folding of buckling structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 046101-1-4 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. J. Clement, N. Ponnampalam, H. T. Nguyen, and R. G. DeCorby, "Improved omnidirectional reflectors in chalcogenide glass and polymer by using the silver doping technique," Opt. Express 14, 1789-1796 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. G. DeCorby, N. Ponnampalam, H. T. Nguyen, and T. J. Clement, "Robust and flexible free-standing all-dielectric omnidirectional reflectors," Adv. Mater. 19, 193-196 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. A. K. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, and M. R. Shenoy, "Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using transfer matrix approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 660-667 (1987). [CrossRef]
  23. B. Pezeshki, F. F. Tong, J. A. Kash, and D. W. Kisker, "Vertical cavity devices as wavelength selective waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1791-1801 (1994). [CrossRef]
  24. W. Huang, R. M. Shubair, A. Nathan, and Y. L. Chow, "The modal characteristics of ARROW structures," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1015-1022 (1992). [CrossRef]
  25. T. Tamir, "Leaky waves in planar optical waveguides," Nouv. Rev. Opt. 6, 273-284 (1975). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984), Chap. 11.
  27. D. Delbeke, R. Bockstaele, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, and H. Benisty, "High-efficiency semiconductor resonant-cavity light-emitting diodes: a review," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 189-206 (2002). [CrossRef]
  28. D. I. Babic and S. W. Corzine, "Analytic expressions for the reflection delay, penetration depth, and absorptance of quarter-wave dielectric mirrors," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 514-524 (1992). [CrossRef]
  29. C. H. Tang, "Delay equalization by tapered cutoff waveguides," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 12, 608-615 (1964). [CrossRef]
  30. O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, and M. Bassler, "Performance of chip-size wavelength detectors," Opt. Express 15, 9701-9706 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, M. Soljacic, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Analysis of mode structure in hollow dielectric waveguide fibers," Phys. Rev. E 67, 0466081-8 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited