OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 6 — Mar. 17, 2008
  • pp: 3546–3559

X-ray lasers from Inner-shell transitions pumped by the Free-electron laser

J. Zhao, Q. L. Dong, S. J. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 6, pp. 3546-3559 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.003546


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (320 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a approach of generating femtosecond coherent x-ray pulses by using the self-amplified free-electron laser (SASE FEL) to pump the inner-shell x-ray lasers (ISXRL’s). Theoretical simulations are performed. The gain characteristics are analyzed for the two representative schemes of inner-shell x-ray transitions, ie. the self-terminated x-ray lasing (1s)-1→(2p)-1 (λ = 4.5nm) in carbon (Z=6) and the quasi-stationary x-ray lasing (2p)-1→(3s)-1 (λ = 4.1nm) in calcium (Z = 20). When the 10fs x-ray FEL pulses are available at 284eV and 360eV with the pumping intensities of 1.2×1015W/cm2 and 2×1017W/cm2 for C and Ca, respectively, a net gain of 140cm-1 can be predicted. Using a one-dimensional model, the properties of output ISXRL’s are studied. By the Carbon ISXRL scheme, the multi-spiky SASE FEL x-ray pulse with chaotic temporal structure is smoothed to a temporally continuous x-ray pulse with a comparable duration but at a different wavelength. The Calcium scheme, can be used to create one single x-ray laser pulse with a duration as short as 2fs. The spectral bandwidth of the output ISXRL’s is an order of 10-3, which is one order narrower than that of the SASE FEL’s.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2600) Lasers and laser optics : Free-electron lasers (FELs)
(140.7240) Lasers and laser optics : UV, EUV, and X-ray lasers
(260.5210) Physical optics : Photoionization
(260.6048) Physical optics : Soft x-rays

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 6, 2007
Revised Manuscript: January 31, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: February 3, 2008
Published: March 3, 2008

Citation
J. Zhao, Q. L. Dong, S. J. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Zhang, "X-ray lasers from Inner-shell transitions pumped by the Free-electron laser," Opt. Express 16, 3546-3559 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-6-3546


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. N. Ragozin and I. I. Sobel’man, "Laser sources in the soft X-ray spectral region," Phys. Usp. 48, 1249-1250 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. W. Ackermann, G. Asova, V. Ayvazyan, A. Azima, N. Baboi, J. Bahr, V. Balandin, B. Beutner, A. Brandt, A. Bolzmann, R. Brinkmann, O. I. Brovko, M. Castellano, P. Castro, L. Catani, E. Chiadroni, S. Choroba, A. Cianchi, J. T. Costello, D. Cubaynes, J. Dardis, W. Decking, H. Delsim-Hashemi, A. Delserieys, G. Di Pirro, M. Dohlus, S. Dusterer, A. Eckhardt, H. T. Edwards, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, K. Flottmann, J. Frisch, L. Frohlich, T. Garvey, U. Gensch, C. Gerth, M. Gorler, N. Golubeva, H. J. Grabosch, M. Grecki, O. Grimm, K. Hacker, U. Hahn, J. H. Han, K. Honkavaara, T. Hott, M. Huning, Y. Ivanisenko, E. Jaeschke, W. Jalmuzna, T. Jezynski, R. Kammering, V. Katalev, K. Kavanagh, E. T. Kennedy, S. Khodyachykh, K. Klose, V. Kocharyan, M. Korfer, M. Kollewe, W. Koprek, S. Korepanov, D. Kostin, M. Krassilnikov, G. Kube, M. Kuhlmann, C. L. S. Lewis, L. Lilje, T. Limberg, D. Lipka, F. Lohl, H. Luna, M. Luong, M. Martins, M. Meyer, P. Michelato, V. Miltchev, W. D. Moller, L. Monaco, W. F. O. Muller, O. Napieralski, O. Napoly, P. Nicolosi, D. Nolle, T. Nunez, A. Oppelt, C. Pagani, R. Paparella, N. Pchalek, J. Pedregosa-Gutierrez, B. Petersen, B. Petrosyan, G. Petrosyan, L. Petrosyan, J. Pfluger, E. Plonjes, L. Poletto, K. Pozniak, E. Prat, D. Proch, P. Pucyk, P. Radcliffe, H. Redlin, K. Rehlich, M. Richter, M. Roehrs, J. Roensch, R. Romaniuk, M. Ross, J. Rossbach, V. Rybnikov, M. Sachwitz, E. L. Saldin, W. Sandner, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, P. Schmuser, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, S. Schnepp, S. Schreiber, M. Seidel, D. Sertore, A. V. Shabunov, C. Simon, S. Simrock, E. Sombrowski, A. A. Sorokin, P. Spanknebel, R. Spesyvtsev, L. Staykov, B. Steffen, F. Stephan, F. Stulle, H. Thom, K. Tiedtke, M. Tischer, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, D. Trines, I. Tsakov, E. Vogel, T. Weiland, H. Weise, M. Wellhoffer, M. Wendt, I. Will, A. Winter, K. Wittenburg, W. Wurth, P. Yeates, M. V. Yurkov, I. Zagorodnov, and K. Zapfe, "Operation of a free-electron laser from the extreme ultraviolet to the water window," Nat. Photon. 1, 336-342 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. S. P. Hau-Riege, H. N. Chapman, J. Krzywinski, R. Sobierajski, S. Bajt, R. A. London, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, R. Nietubyc, L. Juha, J. Kuba, E. Spiller, S. Baker, R. Bionta, K. S. Tinten, N. Stojanovic, B. Kjornrattanawanich, E. Gullikson, E. Plonjes, S. Toleikis, and T. Tschentscher, "Subnanometer-scale measurements of the interaction of ultrafast soft X-ray free-electron-laser pulses with matter," Phys. Rev. Lett 98, 145502-05 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plonjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Dusterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Moller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. Van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szoke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, "Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-X-ray free-electron laser," Nat. Phys 2, 839-843 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. L. Li, J. Lewellen, Z. R. Huang, V. Sajaev, and S. V. Milton, "Time-resolved phase measurement of a selfamplified free-electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett 89, 234801-04 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. L. Li, S. Krinsky, J. W. Lewellen, K. J. Kim, V. Sajaev, and S. V. Milton, "Characterization of a chaotic optical field using a high-gain, self-amplified free-electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett 91, 243602-05 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, "Properties of the third harmonic of the radiation from self-amplified spontaneous emission free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 9, 030702-10 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Treusch and J. Feldhaus, "SASE free electron lasers as short wavelength coherent sourcesFrom first results at 100 nm to a 1 angstrom X-ray laser," Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 119-122 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, "Femtosecond and subfemtosecond X-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett 92, 074801-04 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. B. Schroeder, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Arthur, and P. Emma, "Chirped-beam two-stage SASE-FEL for high power femtosecond X-ray pulse generation," Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 483, 89-93 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Duguay and G. P. Rentzepis, "Some approaches to vacuum uv and x-ray lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett 10, 350-352 (1967). [CrossRef]
  12. E. J. McGuire, "Soft-X-Ray Amplified Spontaneous Emission via the Auger Effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 844-848 (1975). [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Elton, "Quasi-stationary populatio inversion on Ka transitions," Appl. Opt. 14, 2243-2249 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. C. Kapteyn, "Photoionization-pumped x-ray lasers using ultrashort-pulse excitation," Appl. Opt 31, 4931- 4939 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. C. Eder, "Tabletop x-ray laser," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744-1752 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. S. J. Moon and D. C. Eder, "Theoretical investigation of an ultrashort-pulse coherent x-ray source at 45 angstrom," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1391-1394 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Moribayashi, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, "X-ray emission by ultrafast inner-shell ionization from vapors of Na, Mg, and Al," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2732-2737 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Kim, C. Tóth, and C. P. J. Barty, "Population inversion between atomic inner-shell vacancy states created by electron-impact ionization and Coster-Kronig decay," Phys. Rev. A 59, R4129-R4132 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Fill, D. Eder, K. Eidmann, J. Meyer-ter Vehn, G. Pretzler, A. Pukhov, and A. Saemann, "Relativistic plasma pumping of x-ray lasers," in Proceeding of 6th international conference on X-ray lasers Y. Kato, H. Takuma, and H. Daido, ed., (Institute of Physics, London, 1998) pp. 301-308.
  20. S. M. Hooker, "Inner-shell soft X-ray lasers in Ne-like ions driven by optical field ionization," Opt. Commu 182, 209-219 (2000). [CrossRef]
  21. J. S. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and J. G. Liu, "Approximately analytical model for inner-shell photoionization x-ray lasers in low-Z elements," Phys. Rev. A 6303, 033809-15 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. D. Kim, S. H. Son, J. H. Kim, C. Toth, and C. P. J. Barty, "Gain characteristics of inner-shell photonization-pumped L23M1 transition in Ca," Phys. Rev. A 63, 023806-11 (2001). [CrossRef]
  23. K. Lan, E. E. Fill, J. Meyer-Ter-Vehn, "Simulation of He-alpha and Ly-alpha soft X-ray lasers in helium pumped by DESY/XFEL-radiation," Europhys. Lett 64, 454-460 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Lan, E. E. Fill, J. Meyer-Ter-Vehn, "Photopumping of XUV lasers by XFEL radiation," Laser Part. Beams 22, 261-266 (2004). [CrossRef]
  25. J. L. Zeng, F. T. Jin, J. M. Yuan, Q. S. Lu, and Y. S. Sun, "Detailed-term-accounting-approximation simulation of x-ray transmission through laser-produced Al plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 62, 7251-7257 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, "X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E=50-30,000eV,Z=1-92," Atomic Data and Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181-342 (1993). [CrossRef]
  27. M. F. Gu, "Indirect X-Ray Line-Formation Processes in Iron L-Shell Ions," Astrophys. J 582, 1241-1250 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. E. J. McGuire, "K-Shell Auger Transition Rates and Fluorescence Yields for Elements Be-Ar," Phys. Rev. 185, 1-6 (1969). [CrossRef]
  29. E. J. McGuire, "Atomic L-Shell Coster-Kronig, Auger, and Radiative Rates and Flourescence Yields for Na-Th," Phys. Rev. A 3, 587-594 (1971). [CrossRef]
  30. E. J. McGuire, "M-Shell Auger and Coster-Kronig Electron Spectra," Phys. Rev. A 5, 1052-1059 (1972). [CrossRef]
  31. E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, "Self-amplified spontaneous emission FEL with energy-chirped electron beam and its application for generation of attosecond x-ray pulses," Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 9, 050702-07 (2006). [CrossRef]
  32. R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, "High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9nm," Phys. Rev. Lett 94, 103901-04 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. R. C. Elton, X-Ray Lasers (Academic, San Diego, 1990).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited