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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 6 — Mar. 17, 2008
  • pp: 3993–4000

Direct temperature dependence measurements of dark conductivity and two-beam coupling in LiNbO3:Fe

S. A. Basun, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 6, pp. 3993-4000 (2008)

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Direct measurements of dark conductivity were conducted over a broad temperature range in LiNbO3:Fe. These measurements were performed on a series of crystals, which were cut from the same boule and subjected to different annealing procedures (oxidized, reduced, and as-grown). Activation energies of 0.5 eV and 1.1 eV were extracted from Arrhenius plots of the dark conductivity data. The location of the Fe2+ energy level in the band gap was determined, and is in agreement with Born’s principle. A correlation between the Maxwell relaxation times and the onset of a temperature-dependent reduction in two-beam coupling efficiency was observed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(160.2260) Materials : Ferroelectrics
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(190.7070) Nonlinear optics : Two-wave mixing
(300.6350) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, ionization
(090.5694) Holography : Real-time holography

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 12, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 8, 2008
Published: March 11, 2008

S. A. Basun, G. Cook, and D. R. Evans, "Direct temperature dependence measurements of dark conductivity and two-beam coupling in LiNbO3:Fe," Opt. Express 16, 3993-4000 (2008)

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