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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 12 — Jun. 8, 2009
  • pp: 10082–10090

Zero—group-velocity modes in chalcogenide holey photonic-crystal fibers

Ardavan F. Oskooi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Steven G. Johnson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 12, pp. 10082-10090 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.010082


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Abstract

We demonstrate that a holey photonic-crystal fiber with chalcogenide-glass index contrast can be designed to have a complete gap at a propagation constant β=0 that also extends into the non-zero β region. This type of bandgap (previously identified only at index contrasts unattainable in glasses) opens up a regime for guiding zero—group-velocity modes not possible in holey fibers with the more common finger-like gaps originating from β→∞. Such modes could be used to enhance nonlinear and other material interactions, such as for hollow-core fibers in gas-sensor applications.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

History
Original Manuscript: March 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 24, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 13, 2009
Published: June 1, 2009

Citation
Ardavan F. Oskooi, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Steven G. Johnson, "Zero–group-velocity modes in chalcogenide holey photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 17, 10082-10090 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-12-10082


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