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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 14 — Jul. 6, 2009
  • pp: 11440–11449

Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers

J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 14, pp. 11440-11449 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.011440


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Abstract

Here we report the first demonstration of entanglement distribution over a record distance of 200 km which is of sufficient fidelity to realize secure communication. In contrast to previous entanglement distribution schemes, we use detection elements based on practical avalanche photodiodes (APDs) operating in a self-differencing mode. These APDs are low-cost, compact and easy to operate requiring only electrical cooling to achieve high single photon detection efficiency. The self-differencing APDs in combination with a reliable parametric down-conversion source demonstrate that entanglement distribution over ultra-long distances has become both possible and practical. Consequently the outlook is extremely promising for real world entanglement-based communication between distantly separated parties.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.5565) Fiber optics and optical communications : Quantum communications
(270.5565) Quantum optics : Quantum communications
(270.5568) Quantum optics : Quantum cryptography
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 8, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 9, 2009
Published: June 23, 2009

Citation
J. F. Dynes, H. Takesue, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, K. Harada, T. Honjo, H. Kamada, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and A. J. Shields, "Efficient entanglement distribution over 200 kilometers," Opt. Express 17, 11440-11449 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-14-11440


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