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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 14 — Jul. 6, 2009
  • pp: 11776–11781

Rains of solitons in a fiber laser

Souad Chouli and Philippe Grelu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 14, pp. 11776-11781 (2009)

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We report a novel and intriguing nonlinear dynamics observed in a fiber laser cavity, in which soliton pulses are created from an extended noisy background and drift until they reach a condensed phase comprising several tens of aggregated solitons. This soliton flow can be adjusted with manual cavity tuning, and can even be triggered by the injection of an external low-power cw laser.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: April 15, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 12, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 12, 2009
Published: June 29, 2009

Souad Chouli and Philippe Grelu, "Rains of solitons in a fiber laser," Opt. Express 17, 11776-11781 (2009)

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  1. Ph. Grelu, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Temporal soliton molecules in mode-locked lasers: collisions, pulsations and vibrations,” in Dissipative solitons: from optics to biology and medicine, N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2008). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Group interactions of dissipative solitons in a laser cavity: the case of 2+1,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3184–3189 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3184 . [CrossRef]
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  5. M. Grapinet and Ph. Grelu, “Vibrating soliton pairs in a mode-locked laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2115–2117 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. Ph. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multisoliton states and pulse fragmentation in a passively mode-locked fibre laser,” J. Opt. B. 6, S271–S278 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008). [CrossRef]
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  11. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. J. P. Gordon, “Dispersive perturbations of solitons of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(1), 91–97 (1992). [CrossRef]
  16. J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and G. Town, “Continuous-wave versus pulse regime in a passively mode-locked laser with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(2), 234–242 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Gordon, O. Gat, B. Fischer, and F. Kärtner, “Self-starting of passive mode locking,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11142–11154 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-23-11142 . [CrossRef]

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