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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 15 — Jul. 20, 2009
  • pp: 12650–12659

Generation of Al nanoparticles via ablation of bulk Al in liquids with short laser pulses

Emmanuel Stratakis, Marios Barberoglou, Costas Fotakis, Guillaume Viau, Cecile Garcia, and Georgy A. Shafeev  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 15, pp. 12650-12659 (2009)

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Highly stable aluminum nanoparticles (NPs) are generated via ablation of bulk Al in ethanol using either femtosecond (fs) or picosecond (ps) laser sources. The colloidal NPs solutions obtained with fs pulses exhibit a yellow coloration and show an increased optical absorption between 300 and 400 nm, tentatively assigned to the plasmon resonance of nanosized Al. The corresponding solutions after ps ablation are gray colored and opalescent. The average size of the NPs formed ranges from 20 nm for the fs case to 60 nm for the ps case, while a narrower distribution is obtained using the shorter pulses. High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) studies indicate that the NPs are mostly amorphous with single crystalline inclusions. Al NPs generated with short laser pulses slowly react with air oxygen due to the presence of a native oxide cladding, which efficiently passivates their surface against further oxidation.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(160.3900) Materials : Metals
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.4990) Other areas of optics : Particles
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: April 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 15, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 10, 2009
Published: July 20, 2009

Emmanuel Stratakis, Marios Barberoglou, Costas Fotakis, Guillaume Viau, Cecile Garcia, and Georgy A. Shafeev, "Generation of Al nanoparticles via ablation of bulk Al in liquids with short laser pulses," Opt. Express 17, 12650-12659 (2009)

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