OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 17 — Aug. 17, 2009
  • pp: 14458–14465

An opto-electro-mechanical infrared photon detector with high internal gain at room temperature

John Kohoutek, Ivy Yoke Leng Wan, Omer Gokalp Memis, and Hooman Mohseni  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 17, pp. 14458-14465 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.014458


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (264 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Many applications require detectors with both high sensitivity and linearity, such as low light level imaging and quantum computing. Here we present an opto-electro-mechanical detector based on nano-injection and lateral charge compression that operates at the short infrared (SWIR) range. Electrical signal is generated by photo-induced changes in a nano-injector gap, and subsequent change of tunneling current. We present a theoretical model developed for the OEM detector, and it shows good agreement with the measured experimental results for both the mechanical and electrical properties of the device. The device shows a measured responsivity of 276 A/W, equivalent to 220 electrons per incoming photon, and an NEP of 3.53 × 10−14 W/Hz0.5 at room temperature. Although these results are already competing with common APDs in linear mode, we believe replacing the AFM tip with a dedicated nanoinjector can improve the sensitivity significantly.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.3780) Detectors : Low light level
(230.5160) Optical devices : Photodetectors
(230.4685) Optical devices : Optical microelectromechanical devices

ToC Category:
Detectors

History
Original Manuscript: May 5, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 16, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 18, 2009
Published: August 3, 2009

Citation
John Kohoutek, Ivy Yoke Leng Wan, Omer Gokalp Memis, and Hooman Mohseni, "An opto-electro-mechanical infrared photon detector with high internal gain at room temperature," Opt. Express 17, 14458-14465 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-17-14458


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. J. Kippenberg and K. J. Vahala, “Cavity optomechanics: back-action at the mesoscale,” Science 321(5893), 1172–1176 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. C. Tsu, “Interplanetary Travel by Solar Sail,” ARS J. 29(6), (1959).
  3. C. H. Metzger and K. Karrai, “Cavity cooling of a microlever,” Nature 432(7020), 1002–1005 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444(7115), 71–74 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Li, H. X. Tang, and M. L. Roukes, “Ultra-sensitive NEMS-based cantilevers for sensing, scanned probe and very high-frequency applications,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(2), 114–120 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. A. C. Bleszynski-Jayich, W. E. Shanks, B. R. Ilic, and J. G. E. Harris, “High sensitivity cantilevers for measuring persistent currents in normal metal rings,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(4), 1412 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Mohseni, J. Wojkowski, and M. Razeghi, “Uncooled InAs-GaSb type-II infrared detectors grown on GaAs substrates for the 8-12-mu m atmospheric window,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(1041), (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Campbell, “Recent advances in telecommunications avalanche photodiodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 109–121 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Aina and ., “Linear-mode single photon counting APD arrays with subnanosecond, afterpulse-free performance for ladar, spectroscopy, and QKD applications,” Proc. SPIE 6572, 65720H–1 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. O. G. Memis, A. Katsnelson, S.-C. Kong, H. Mohseni, M. Yan, S. Zhang, T. Hossain, N. Jin, and I. Adesida, “A photon detector with very high gain at low bias and at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171112 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. O. G. Memis, A. Katsnelson, H. Mohseni, M. Yan, S. Zhang, T. Hossain, N. Jin, and I. Adesida, “On the Source of Jitter in a Room-Temperature Nanoinjection Photon Detector at 1.55 µm,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 29(8), 867–869 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. O. G. Memis, A. Katsnelson, S. C. Kong, H. Mohseni, M. Yan, S. Zhang, T. Hossain, N. Jin, and I. Adesida, “Sub-Poissonian shot noise of a high internal gain injection photon detector,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12701–12706 (2008). [PubMed]
  13. P. L. Voss and ., “14MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” J. Mod. Opt. 51(9–10), 1369–1379 (2004).
  14. U. Mohideen and A. Roy, “Precision measurement of the Casimir force from 0.1 to 0.9 µm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(21), 4549–4552 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. J. N. Munday, F. Capasso, and V. A. Parsegian, “Measured long-range repulsive Casimir-Lifshitz forces,” Nature 457(7226), 170–173 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. B. Chan, V. A. Aksyuk, R. N. Kleiman, D. J. Bishop, and F. Capasso, “Quantum mechanical actuation of microelectromechanical systems by the Casimir force,” Science 291(5510), 1941–1944 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. Chen and ., “Measurements of the normal and shape dependent Casimir forces using an Atomic Force Microscope,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 17(6&7), 711–721 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Roy, C. Y. Lin, and U. Mohideen, “Improved precision measurement of the Casimir force,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 60(11), 111101 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. P. S. Maruvada and N. Hylten-Cavallius, “Capacitance Calculations for Basic High Voltage Electrode Configurations,” IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst PAS-94(5), (1975).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited