OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 21 — Oct. 12, 2009
  • pp: 18738–18744

Removing cross-phase modulation from midinfrared chirped-pulse upconversion spectra

Kevin F. Lee, Patrick Nuernberger, Adeline Bonvalet, and Manuel Joffre  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 21, pp. 18738-18744 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (211 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We observe that narrow spectral features in mid-infrared spectra obtained by chirped-pulse up-conversion are strongly distorted by cross-phase modulation between the mid-infrared field and the chirped pulse. We discuss the consequences of this effect on spectral resolution, and introduce a correction method that recovers masked lines. This simple correction can be applied either when the upconverted field is fully characterized, such as in multidimensional spectroscopy, or when causality can be used, such as in absorption spectroscopy, which we demonstrate experimentally.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: August 7, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 20, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 24, 2009
Published: October 2, 2009

Kevin F. Lee, Patrick Nuernberger, Adeline Bonvalet, and Manuel Joffre, "Removing cross-phase modulation from midinfrared chirped-pulse upconversion spectra," Opt. Express 17, 18738-18744 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. J. Heilweil, “Ultrashort-pulse multichannel infrared spectroscopy using broadband frequency conversion in LiIO3,” Opt. Lett. 14(11), 551–553 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. J. Kubarych, M. Joffre, A. Moore, N. Belabas, and D. M. Jonas, “Mid-infrared electric field characterization using a visible charge-coupled-device-based spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1228–1230 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. F. DeCamp and A. Tokmakoff, “Upconversion multichannel infrared spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1818–1820 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. P. Dougherty and E. J. Heilweil, “Dual-beam subpicosecond broadband infrared spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 19(2), 129–131 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Treuffet, K. J. Kubarych, J.-C. Lambry, E. Pilet, J.-B. Masson, J.-L. Martin, M. H. Vos, M. Joffre, and A. Alexandrou, “Direct observation of ligand transfer and bond formation in cytochrome c oxidase by using mid-infrared chirped-pulse upconversion,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(40), 15705–15710 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. F. DeCamp, L. P. Deflores, K. C. Jones, and A. Tokmakoff, “Single-shot two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(1), 233–241 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. J. Nee, R. McCanne, K. J. Kubarych, and M. Joffre, “Two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy detected by chirped pulse upconversion,” Opt. Lett. 32(6), 713–715 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. J. Nee, C. R. Baiz, J. M. Anna, R. McCanne, and K. J. Kubarych, “Multilevel vibrational coherence transfer and wavepacket dynamics probed with multidimensional IR spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(8), 084503 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Witte, D. Zeidler, D. Proch, K. L. Kompa, and M. Motzkus, “Programmable amplitude- and phase-modulated femtosecond laser pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 27(2), 131–133 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W. S. Warren, “High-resolution indirect pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” Opt. Lett. 27(6), 439–441 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Schriever, S. Lochbrunner, M. Optiz, and E. Riedle, “19 fs shaped ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(4), 543–545 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, R. Selle, S. Fechner, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Generation of shaped ultraviolet pulses at the third harmonic of titanium-sapphire femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 519–526 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. L. J. Richter, T. P. Petralli-Mallow, and J. C. Stephenson, “Vibrationally resolved sum-frequency generation with broad-bandwidth infrared pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(20), 1594–1596 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Ishibashi and H. Onishi, “Vibrationally resonant sum-frequency generation spectral shape dependent on the interval between picosecond-visible and femtosecond-infrared laser pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 346(5-6), 413–418 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. G. W. Jones, D. L. Marks, C. Vinegoni, and S. A. Boppart, “High-spectral-resolution coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with interferometrically detected broadband chirped pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1543–1545 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(12), 2467–2474 (1995). [CrossRef]
  17. A. W. Albrecht, J. D. Hybl, S. M. Gallagher Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental distinction between phase shifts and time delays: Implications for femtosecond spectroscopy and coherent control of chemical reactions,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(24), 10934–10956 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. C. Dorrer, N. Belabas, J. P. Likforman, and M. Joffre, “Spectral resolution and sampling issues in Fourier-transform spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1795–1802 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. N. Jacquinet-Hussonn, N. Scott, A. Chedina, L. Crepeau, R. Armante, V. Capelle, J. Orphal, A. Coustenis, C. Boonne, N. Poulet-Crovisier, A. Barbee, M. Birk, L. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, C. Claveau, K. Chance, N. Christidis, C. Clerbaux, P. Coheur, V. Dana, L. Daumont, M. D. Backer-Barilly, G. D. Lonardo, J. Flaud, A. Goldman, A. Hamdouni, M. Hess, M. Hurley, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, P. Kopke, J. Mandin, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, V. Nemtchinov, A. Nikitin, D. Newnham, A. Perrin, V. Perevalov, S. Pinnock, L. Regalia-Jarlot, C. Rinsland, A. Rublev, F. Schreier, L. Schult, K. Smith, S. Tashkun, J. Teffo, R. Toth, V. Tyuterev, J. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The GEISA spectroscopic database: Current and future archive for earth and planetary atmosphere studies,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 109(6), 1043–1059 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. P. Nuernberger, K. F. Lee, A. Bonvalet, T. Polack, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, and M. Joffre, “Suppression of perturbed free induction decay and noise in experimental ultrafast pump-probe data,” Opt. Lett. (to be published). [PubMed]
  21. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. J. Wemans, G. Figueira, N. Lopes, and L. Cardoso, “Self-referencing spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction with chirped pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2217–2219 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. B. von Vacano, T. Buckup, and M. Motzkus, “Shaper-assisted collinear SPIDER: fast and simple broadband pulse compression in nonlinear microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(5), 1091–1100 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited