OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 24 — Nov. 23, 2009
  • pp: 22108–22113

Lattice modes mediate radiative coupling in metamaterial arrays

Andreas Bitzer, Jan Wallauer, Hanspeter Helm, Hannes Merbold, Thomas Feurer, and Markus Walther  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 24, pp. 22108-22113 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.022108


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (787 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We show that a resonant response with very high quality factors can be achieved in periodic metamaterials by radiatively coupling their structural elements. The coupling is mediated by lattice modes and can be efficiently controlled by tuning the lattice periodicity. Using a recently developed terahertz (THz) near-field imaging technique and conventional far-field spectroscopy together with numerical simulations we pinpoint the underlying mechanisms. In the strong coupling regimes we identify avoided crossings between the plasmonic eigenmodes and the diffractive lattice modes.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Metamaterials

History
Original Manuscript: September 28, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 11, 2009
Published: November 18, 2009

Citation
Andreas Bitzer, Jan Wallauer, Hannes Merbold, Hanspeter Helm, Thomas Feurer, and Markus Walther, "Lattice modes mediate radiative coupling in metamaterial arrays," Opt. Express 17, 22108-22113 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-24-22108


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, "Negative refractive index at optical wavelengths," Science 315, 47-49 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. M. Shalaev, "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nat. Photonics 1, 41-48 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, "Metamaterials and negative refractive index," Science 305, 788-792 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz metamaterial devices," Nature 444, 597-600 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, "Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials," Nat. Photonics 2, 295-298 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, "Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen, "Magnetoinductive and Electroinductive Coupling in Plasmonic Metamaterial Molecules," Adv. Mater. 20, 4521-4525 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Low-Loss Metamaterials Based on Classical Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, "Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 147401 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Liu, H. C. Guo, L. W. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-37 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. K¨astel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, "Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit," Nat. Mater. 8, 758-762 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Hao, P. Nordlander,M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, "Enhanced tunability and linewidth sharpening of plasmon resonances in hybridized metallic ring/disk nanocavities," Phys. Rev. B 76, 245417 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, "A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures," Science 302, 419-422 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Linden, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, "Controlling the interaction between light and gold nanoparticles: Selective suppression of extinction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4688-4691 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. Auguie and W. L. Barnes, "Collective resonances in gold nanoparticle arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143902 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, "Extremely narrow plasmon resonances based on diffraction coupling of localized plasmons in arrays of metallic nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 087403 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. G. Acuna, S. F. Heucke, F. Kuchler, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and R. Kersting, "Surface plasmons in terahertz metamaterials," Opt. Express 16, 18745-18751 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. A. J. L. Adam, J. M. Brok, M. A. Seo, K. J. Ahn, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, Q. H. Park, M. Nagel, and P. C. M. Planken, "Advanced terahertz electric near-field measurements at sub-wavelength diameter metallic apertures," Opt. Express 16, 7407-7417 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. R. Knab, A. J. L. Adam, M. Nagel, E. Shaner, M. A. Seo, D. S. Kim, and P. C. M. Planken, "Terahertz Near-Field Vectorial Imaging of Subwavelength Apertures and Aperture Arrays," Opt. Express 17, 15072-15086 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. Bitzer and M. Walther, "Terahertz near-field imaging of metallic subwavelength holes and hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 231101 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Bitzer, H. Merbold, A. Thoman, T. Feurer, H. Helm, and M. Walther, "Terahertz near-field imaging of electric and magnetic resonances of a planar metamaterial," Opt. Express 17, 3826-3834 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. W. Wood, "Anomalous Diffraction Gratings," Phys. Rev. 48, 928-936 (1935). [CrossRef]
  25. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991). [CrossRef]
  26. N. Liu, H. C. Guo, L.W. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials," Adv. Mater. 19, 3628-3632 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

Multimedia

Multimedia FilesRecommended Software
» Media 1: MOV (2586 KB)      QuickTime
» Media 2: MOV (318 KB)      QuickTime
» Media 3: MOV (321 KB)      QuickTime

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited