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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 3 — Feb. 2, 2009
  • pp: 1447–1453

Photonic crystal fiber interferometer for chemical vapor detection with high sensitivity

Joel Villatoro, Mark P. Kreuzer, Rajan Jha, Vladimir P. Minkovich, Vittoria Finazzi, Gonçal Badenes, and Valerio Pruneri  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 3, pp. 1447-1453 (2009)

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We report an in-reflection photonic crystal fiber (PCF) interferometer which exhibits high sensitivity to different volatile organic compounds (VOCs), without the need of any permeable material. The interferometer is compact, robust, and consists of a stub of PCF spliced to standard optical fiber. In the splice the voids of the PCF are fully collapsed, thus allowing the excitation and recombination of two core modes. The device reflection spectrum exhibits sinusoidal interference pattern which shifts differently when the voids of the PCF are infiltrated with VOC molecules. The volume of voids responsible for the shift is less than 600 picoliters whereas the detectable levels are in the nanomole range.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(280.1545) Remote sensing and sensors : Chemical analysis
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

Original Manuscript: December 18, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 20, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 20, 2009
Published: January 23, 2009

Joel Villatoro, Mark P. Kreuzer, Rajan Jha, Vladimir P. Minkovich, Vittoria Finazzi, Gonçal Badenes, and Valerio Pruneri, "Photonic crystal fiber interferometer for chemical vapor detection with high sensitivity," Opt. Express 17, 1447-1453 (2009)

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  1. T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. C. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. P. Hansen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12,4080-4087 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. V. P. Minkovich, A.V. Kiryanov, A.B. Sotsky, and L.I. Sotskaya, "Large-mode-area holey fibers with a few air channels in cladding: modeling and experimental investigation of the modal properties," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1161-1169 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Villatoro, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, "Simple all-microstructured-optical-fiber interferometer built via fusion splicing," Opt. Express 15, 1491-1496 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, "Temperature-insensitive photonic crystal fiber interferometer for absolute strain sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. D. Káčik, I. Turek, I. Martinček, J. Canning, N. Issa, and K. Lyytikäinen, "Intermodal interference in a photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 12, 3465-3470 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Sun and X. Fan, "Analysis of ring resonators for chemical vapor sensor development," Opt. Express 16, 10254-10268 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. T. L. Lowder, J. D. Gordon, S. M. Schultz, and R. H. Selfridge, "Volatile organic compound sensing using a surface-relief D-shaped fiber Bragg grating and a polydimethylsiloxane layer," Opt. Lett. 32, 2523-2525 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, G. Frye-Mason, and X. Fan, "Rapid chemical-vapor sensing using optofluidic ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 33, 788-790 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Zhang, X. Tang, J. Dong, T. Wei, and H. Xiao, "Zeolite thin film-coated long period fiber grating sensor for measuring trace chemical," Opt. Express 16, 8317-8323 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. Monzón-Hernández, V. P. Minkovich, J. Villatoro, M. P. Kreuzer, and G. Badenes, "Photonic crystal fiber microtaper supporting two selective higher-order modes with high sensitivity to gas molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081106 (2008). [CrossRef]

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