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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 3 — Feb. 2, 2009
  • pp: 1880–1884

Astrophotonics: a new era for astronomical instruments

Joss Bland-Hawthorn and Pierre Kern  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 3, pp. 1880-1884 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.001880


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Abstract

Astrophotonics lies at the interface of astronomy and photonics. This burgeoning field has emerged over the past decade in response to the increasing demands of astronomical instrumentation. Early successes include: (i) planar waveguides to combine signals from widely spaced telescopes in stellar interferometry; (ii) frequency combs for ultra-high precision spectroscopy to detect planets around nearby stars; (iii) ultra-broadband fibre Bragg gratings to suppress unwanted background; (iv) photonic lanterns that allow single-mode behaviour within a multimode fibre; (v) planar waveguides to miniaturize astronomical spectrographs; (vi) large mode area fibres to generate artificial stars in the upper atmosphere for adaptive optics correction; (vii) liquid crystal polymers in optical vortex coronographs and adaptive optics systems. Astrophotonics, a field that has already created new photonic capabilities, is now extending its reach down to the Rayleigh scattering limit at ultraviolet wavelengths, and out to mid infrared wavelengths beyond 2500nm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.3110) General : Instruments, apparatus, and components common to the sciences
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode

History
Original Manuscript: January 30, 2009
Published: January 30, 2009

Virtual Issues
Focus Issue: Astrophotonics (2009) Optics Express

Citation
Joss Bland-Hawthorn and Pierre Kern, "Astrophotonics: a new era for astronomical instruments," Opt. Express 17, 1880-1884 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-3-1880


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