OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 5 — Mar. 2, 2009
  • pp: 3226–3241

Modeling nonlinear phase noise in differentially phase-modulated optical communication systems

Leonardo D. Coelho, Lutz Molle, Dirk Gross, Norbert Hanik, Ronald Freund, Christoph Caspar, Ernst-Dieter Schmidt, and Bernhard Spinnler  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 3226-3241 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.003226


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (283 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Using an alternative approach for evaluating the Bit-Error Rate (BER), we present a numerical and experimental investigation of the performance of phase-modulated optical communication systems in the presence of nonlinear phase noise and dispersion. The numerical method is based on the well known Karhunen-Loève expansion combined with a linearization technique of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation (NLSE) to account for the nonlinear interaction between signal and noise. Our numerical results show a good agreement with experiments.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: November 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 11, 2009
Published: February 17, 2009

Citation
Leonardo D. Coelho, Lutz Molle, Dirk Gross, Norbert Hanik, Ronald Freund, Christoph Caspar, Ernst-Dieter Schmidt, and Bernhard Spinnler, "Modeling nonlinear phase noise in differentially phase-modulated optical communication systems," Opt. Express 17, 3226-3241 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-5-3226


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, "Phase noise in photonic communications systems using linear amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Kim and A. H. Gnauck, "Experimental investigation of the performance limitation of DPSK systems due to nonlinear phase noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320-322 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Holzlohner and C. R. Menyuk, "Use of multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations to obtain accurate bit error rates in optical communications systems," Opt. Lett. 28, 1894-1896 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Mecozzi, "Limits to long-haul coherent transmission set by the Kerr nonlinearity and noise of the in-line amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1993-2000 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer Science Business Media, Inc, New York, USA, 2005).
  8. M. P. Dlubek, A. J. Phillips, and E. C. Larkins, "Nonlinear Evolution of Gaussian ASE Noise in ZMNL Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 891-898 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. K.-P. Ho, "Performance of DPSK Signals With Quadratic Phase Noise," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1361-1365 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. J.-A. Huang, K.-P. Ho, H.-K. Chen, S. K. Liaw, and H.-C. Wang, "Impact of nonlinear phase noise to DPSK signals: experimental verification of a simplified theoretical model," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2236-2238 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. K.-P. Ho and H.-C. Wang, "Effect of dispersion on nonlinear phase noise," Opt. Lett. 31, 2109-2111 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, USA, 2001).
  13. A. Demir, "Nonlinear Phase Noise in Optical-Fiber-Communication Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2002-2032 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, "Modulation instability and its impact in multispan optical amplified IMDD systems: theory and experiments," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071-1082 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Serena, A. Orlandini, and A. Bononi, "Parametric-gain approach to the analysis of single-channel DPSK/DQPSK systems with nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2026-2037 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New Jersey, USA, 2005).
  17. A. V. T. Cartaxo, B. Wedding, and W. Idler, "Influence of fiber nonlinearity on the phase noise to intensity noise conversion in fiber transmission: theoretical and experimental analysis," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1187-1194 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. A. V. T. Cartaxo, B. Wedding, and W. Idler, "Influence of fiber nonlinearity on the fiber transfer function: theoretical and experimental analysis," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1806-1813 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Holzlohner, V. S. Grigoryan, C. R. Menyuk, and W. L. Kath, "Accurate calculation of eye diagrams and bit error rates in optical transmission systems using linearization," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 389-400 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. R. Holzlohner, C. R. Menyuk, W. L. Kath, and V. S. Grigoryan, "A covariance matrix method to compute bit error rates in a highly nonlinear dispersion-managed soliton system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 688-690 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990). [CrossRef]
  22. J.-S. Lee and C.-S. Shim, "Bit-error-rate analysis of optically preamplified receivers using an eigenfunction expansion method in optical frequency domain," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1224-1229 (1994). [CrossRef]
  23. A. G. Green, P. P. Mitra, and L. G. L. Wegener, "Effect of chromatic dispersion on nonlinear phase noise," Opt. Lett. 28, 2455-2457 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. Serena, A. Bononi, and A. Orlandini, "Fundamental laws of parametric gain in periodic dispersion-managed optical links," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 773-787 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. G. Strang, Linear Algebra and its Applications, 3rd ed. (Saunders, 1988).
  26. G. Bosco and P. Poggiolini, "On the Q factor inaccuracy in the performance analysis of optical direct-detection DPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 665-667 (2004). [CrossRef]
  27. M. Kac and A. Siegert, "On the Theory of Noise in Radio Receivers with Square Law Detectors," J. Appl. Phys. 18, 383-397 (1947). [CrossRef]
  28. E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000). [CrossRef]
  29. A. Orlandini, P. Serena, and A. Bononi, "An Alternative Analysis of Nonlinear Phase Noise Impact on DPSK Systems," in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2006 (Cannes, France, 2006). [CrossRef]
  30. L. D. Coelho, L. Molle, D. Gross, N. Hanik, R. Freund, C. Caspar, and E.-D. Schmidt, "Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Dispersion on Nonlinear Phase Noise in RZ-DPSK Systems," in 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2007 (Berlin, Germany, 2007). [CrossRef]
  31. W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vetterling, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 2007).
  32. E. T. Spiller, W. L. Kath, R. O. Moore, and C. J. McKinstrie, "Computing large signal distortions and bit-error ratios in DPSK transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1022-1024 (2005). [CrossRef]
  33. R. O. Moore, G. Biondini, and W. L. Kath, "A Method to Compute Statistics of Large, Noise-Induced Perturbations of Nonlinear Schr¨odinger Solitons," SIAM Review 50, 523-549 (2008). [CrossRef]
  34. S. Kumar and L. Liu, "Reduction of nonlinear phase noise using optical phase conjugation in quasi-linear optical transmission systems," Opt. Express 15, 2166-2177 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. M. Ohm, R. J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, "Nonlinear phase noise and distortion in 42.7-Gbit/s RZ-DPSK systems," in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2005 (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005). [CrossRef]
  36. P. Serena, A. Orlandini, and A. Bononi, "A parametric gain approach to DPSK performance evaluation in presence of nonlinear phase noise," in 30th European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2004 (Stockholm, Sweden, 2004).
  37. N. Hanik, "Modelling of nonlinear optical wave propagation including linear mode-coupling and birefringence," Opt. Commun. 214, 207-230 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited