OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 5 — Mar. 2, 2009
  • pp: 3407–3416

TeraHertz imaging of hidden paint layers on canvas

Aurèle J. L. Adam, Paul C. M. Planken, Sabrina Meloni, and Joris Dik  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 3407-3416 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.003407


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2094 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We show terahertz reflection images of hidden paint layers in a painting on canvas and compare the results with X-ray Radiography and Infrared Reflectography. Our terahertz measurements show strong reflections from both the canvas/paint interface and from the raw umber/lead white interface, indicating sufficient refractive-index contrast. Our results show that X-rays cannot be used to image through the lead white pigment which effectively blocks the X-rays. Although Infrared Reflectography is capable of vaguely observing the hidden paint strokes from the canvas side, we show that only terahertz imaging is capable of providing information on the thickness of the hidden paint layers. Terahertz imaging is thus shown to be a powerful imaging method for art historians, conservators and conservation scientists.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(300.6270) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, far infrared
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz
(110.6795) Imaging systems : Terahertz imaging

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: January 7, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 13, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 13, 2009
Published: February 19, 2009

Citation
Aurèle J. L. Adam, Paul C. M. Planken, Sabrina Meloni, and Joris Dik, "TeraHertz imaging of hidden paint layers on canvas," Opt. Express 17, 3407-3416 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-5-3407


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Dik, K. Janssens, G. Van Der Snickt, L. van der Loeff, K. Rickers, and M. Cotte, "Visualization of a Lost Painting by Vincent van Gogh using Synchrotron Radiation based X-ray Fluorescence Elemental Mapping," Anal. Chem. 80, 6436-6442 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Fukunaga, Y. Ogawa, S. Hayashi, and I. Hosaka, "Terahertz Spectroscopy for art conservation," IEICE Electron. Express 4, 258-263 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Fukunaga, Y. Ogawa, S. Hayashi, and I. Hosaka, "Application of terahertz spectroscopy for character recognition in a medieval manuscript," IEICE Electron. Express 5, 223-228 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. J.-M. Manceau, A. Nevin, C. Fotakis, and S. Tzortzakis, "Terahertz time domain spectroscopy for the analysis of cultural heritage related materials," Appl. Phys. B 90, 365-368 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Köhler, M. Panzner, U. Klotzbach, E. Beyer S. Winnerl, M. Helm, F. Rutz, C. Jördens, M. Koch, and H. Leitner, "Non-Destructive Investigation of Paintings with THz-Radiation," 9th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, Sept. 2006, Berlin, Germany.
  6. J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. DulingIII, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, G. A. Mourou, "Terahertz imaging for non-destructive evaluation of mural paintings," Opt. Commun. 281, 527-532 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, "Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026-1028 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for THz science and Technology," Nature Mater. 1, 26-33 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, "Imaging with terahertz waves," Opt. Lett. 20, 1716-1718 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, "T-ray Imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1997).
  11. D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, "T-Ray Tomography," Opt. Lett. 22, 904-906 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Jördens and M. Koch, "Detection of foreign bodies in chocolate with pulsed terahertz spectroscopy," Opt. Eng.  47, 037003/1-5 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Wietzke, C. Jördens, N. Krumbholz, B. Baudrit, M. Bastian, and M. Koch, "Terahertz imaging: a new nondestructive technique for the quality control of plastic weld joints," J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Commun.  2, 07013/1-5 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. F. Rutz, T. Hasek, M. Koch, H. Richter, and U. Ewert, "Terahertz birefringence of liquid crystal polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett.  89, 221911/1-3 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. N. C. J. van der Valk, W. A. M. van der Marel, and P. C. M. Planken, "Terahertz polarization imaging," Opt. Lett. 30, 2802-2804 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. Saunders, R. Billinge, J. Cupitt, N. Atkinson, and H. Liang, "A new camera for high-resolution infrared imaging of works of art," Studies in Conservation 51, 277-290 (2006).
  17. K. Krug, J. Dik, M. Den Leeuw, A. Whitson, J. Tortora, P. Coan, C. Nemoz, A. Bravin, "Visualization of pigment distributions in paintings using synchrotron K-edge imaging," Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 83, 247-251 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. K. Krug, L. Porra, P. Coan, A. Wallert, J. Dik, A. Coerdt, A. Bravin, M. Elyyan, L. Helfen and T. Baumbach, "Relics in Medieval Altarpieces? Combining X-ray Tomographic, Laminographic and Phase-Contrast Imaging to Visualize Thin Organic Objects in Paintings," J. Synchrotron Radiat. 15, 55-61 (2008).
  19. G. Zhao, R. N. Schouten, N. van der Valk, W. Th. Wenckebach, and P. C. M. Planken, "Design and performance of a THz emission and detection setup based on a semi-insulating GaAs emitter," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1715-1719 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, "Detection of THz pulses by phase retardation in lithium tantalate," Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052-3054 (1996). [CrossRef]
  21. P. C. M. Planken, H.- K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and W. Th. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 313 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. K. Fukunaga, N. Sekine, I. Hosako, N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, and T. Sudoh, "Real-time terahertz imaging for art conservation science," J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Commun.  3, 08027/1-4 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited