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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 5 — Mar. 2, 2009
  • pp: 4134–4150

Impact of enhanced resolution, speed and penetration on three-dimensional retinal optical coherence tomography

Boris Považay, Bernd Hofer, Cristiano Torti, Boris Hermann, Alexandre R. Tumlinson, Marieh Esmaeelpour, Catherine A. Egan, Alan C. Bird, and Wolfgang Drexler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 4134-4150 (2009)

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Recent substantial developments in light source and detector technology have initiated a paradigm shift in retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) performance. Broad bandwidth light sources in the 800 nm and 1060 nm wavelength region enable axial OCT resolutions of 2–3 µm and 5–7 µm, respectively. Novel high speed silicon based CMOS cameras at 800 nm and InGaAs based CCD cameras in combination with frequency domain OCT technology enable data acquisition speeds of up to 47,000 A-scans/s at 1060 nm and up to 312,500 A-scans/s at 800 nm. Combining ultrahigh axial resolution, ultrahigh speed OCT at 800 nm with pancorrected adaptive optics allows volumetric in vivo cellular resolution retinal imaging. Commercially available three-dimensional (3D) retinal OCT at 800 nm (20,000 A-scans/s, 6 µm axial resolution) is compared to ultrahigh speed 3D retinal imaging at 800 nm (160,000 A-scans/s, 2–3 µm axial resolution), high speed 3D choroidal imaging at 1060 nm (47,000 A-scan/second, 6–7 µm axial resolution) and cellular resolution retinal imaging at 800 nm using adaptive optics OCT at 160,000 A-scans/second with isotropic resolution of ~2 µm. Analysis of the performance of these four imaging modalities applied in normal and pathologic eyes focusing on motion artifact free volumetric retinal imaging and revealing novel, complementary morphological information due to enhanced resolution, speed and penetration is presented.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.4500) Imaging systems : Optical coherence tomography
(170.4470) Medical optics and biotechnology : Ophthalmology

ToC Category:
OCT Technology

Original Manuscript: December 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 7, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 19, 2009
Published: March 2, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Interactive Science Publishing Focus Issue: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) (2009) Optics Express

Boris Považay, Bernd Hofer, Cristiano Torti, Boris Hermann, Alexandre R. Tumlinson, Marieh Esmaeelpour, Catherine A. Egan, Alan C. Bird, and Wolfgang Drexler, "Impact of enhanced resolution, speed and penetration on three-dimensional retinal optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 17, 4134-4150 (2009)

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