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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 6 — Mar. 16, 2009
  • pp: 4485–4494

Single mode fiber birefringence compensation in Sagnac and “plug & play” interferometric setups

Jan Bogdanski, Johan Ahrens, and Mohamed Bourennane  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 6, pp. 4485-4494 (2009)

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Single mode fiber (SMF) birefringence effects have been a limiting factor for a variety of Sagnac applications over longer distance SMF links. In this report, we present a new concept of the SMF birefringence compensation in a Sagnac interferometric setup, based on a novel polarization control system. For the destructive interference, our control system guarantees a perfect compensation of both the SMF birefringence and imperfect propagation times matching of the setup’s components. For the stabilization of the constructive interference, we have applied a fiber stretcher and a simple proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller. The enclosed experimental data of the setup’s visibility confirm validity of our polarization control system. We have also showed that the SMF birefringence model used in a “plug & play” interferometric setup [19], widely cited in the papers on quantum key distribution [11, 12, 13], cannot be applied in SMF Sagnac interferometric setup. However, the SMF birefringence model based on the Kapron equivalence well describes SMF Sagnac.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(040.1345) Detectors : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)
(270.5565) Quantum optics : Quantum communications
(270.5568) Quantum optics : Quantum cryptography
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: January 8, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 11, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 23, 2009
Published: March 5, 2009

Jan Bogdanski, Johan Ahrens, and Mohamed Bourennane, "Single mode fiber birefringence compensation in Sagnac and "plug & play" interferometric setups," Opt. Express 17, 4485-4494 (2009)

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