OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 7 — Mar. 30, 2009
  • pp: 5473–5480

Long-working-distance synthetic aperture Fresnel off-axis digital holography

Pan Feng, Xiao Wen, and Rong Lu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 7, pp. 5473-5480 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2437 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An aperture synthesis approach of digital holography for microscopy imaging at long working distance is proposed. Firstly, for an oblique object, a series of Fresnel off-axis holograms are recorded with different tilted plane wave illuminations without using lens for pre-magnification. Then the complex amplitudes are reconstructed and magnified from these holograms by the double-step Fresnel reconstruction method respectively. Finally, the synthesized image of the resolution enhanced and the speckle suppressed is obtained by incoherent superposition of these reconstructed complex amplitudes. The important advantage of the proposed approach is that the working distance of the system isn’t constrained and the reconstructed image doesn’t subject to lens aberrations. The experimental results with a die and an USAF-1951 resolution test target are shown and demonstrated that the resolution of both intensity and phase image can be effectively enhanced with simple set-up and procedure. The proposed approach can improve the capabilities of digital holography in three-dimensional in-situ microscopy at long working distance.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(110.0180) Imaging systems : Microscopy
(090.1995) Holography : Digital holography

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 18, 2009
Published: March 23, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Pan Feng, Xiao Wen, and Rong Lu, "Long-working-distance synthetic aperture Fresnel off-axis digital holography," Opt. Express 17, 5473-5480 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Kemper and G. von Bally, "Digital holographic microscopy for live cell applications and technical inspection," Appl. Opt. 47, A52-A61 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Xu, X. Peng, J. Miao, and A. K. Asundi, "Studies of digital microscopic holography with applications to microstructure testing," Appl. Opt. 40, 5046-5051 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, D. Alfieri, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, B. Javidi, G. Coppola, and V. Striano, "Extended focused image in microscopy by digital Holography," Opt. Express 13, 6738-6749 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-18-6738 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Dubois, N. Callens, C. Yourassowsky, M. Hoyos, P. Kurowski, and O. Monnom, "Digital holographic microscopy with reduced spatial coherence for three-dimensional particle flow analysis," Appl. Opt. 45, 864-871 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Binet, J. Colineau, and J. C. Lehureau, "Short-range synthetic aperture at 633 nm by digital holography," Appl. Opt. 41, 4775-4782 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. H. Massig. "Digital off-axis holography with a synthetic aperture," Opt. Lett. 27, 2179-2181 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. L. Martinez-leon and B. Javidi. "Synthetic aperture single-exposure on-axis digital holography," Opt. Express 16, 161-169 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-1-161 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, "Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3143-3145 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Paturzo, F. Merola, S. Grilli, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, "Super-resolution in digital holography by two-dimensional dynamic phase grating," Opt. Express 16, 17107-17118 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-21-17107 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. Mico, Z. Zalevsky, P. García-Martínez, and J. García, "Synthetic aperture superresolution with multiple off-axis holograms," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 23, 3162-3170 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. C. J. Yuan, H. C. Zhai, and H. T. Liu, "Angular multiplexing in pulsed digital holography for aperture synthesis," Opt. Lett. 33, 2356-2358 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. A. Alexandrov, T. R. Hillman, T. Gutzler and D. D. Sampson, "Synthetic aperture Fourier holographic optical microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 20, 168102-1- 168102-4 (2006).
  13. P. Ferraro, S. D. Nicola, G. Coppola, A. Finizio, D. Alfieri, and G. Pierattini, "Controlling image size as a function of distance and wavelength in Fresnel-transform reconstruction of digital holograms," Opt. Lett. 29, 854-856 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. C. Zhang, I. Yamaguchi, and L. P. Yaroslavsky, "Algorithm for reconstruction of digital holograms with adjustable magnification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1668-1670 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, and Z. Y. Rong, "Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms: comment on the papers "Frequency analysis of digital holography" and "Frequency analysis of digital holography with reconstruction by convolution,"Opt. Eng. 42, 2768-2771 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. M. D. Pritt and J. S. Shipman, "Least-squares two-dimensional phase unwrapping using FFT’s," Proc. IEEE 32, 706-708 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited