OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 8 — Apr. 13, 2009
  • pp: 6059–6067

A 350MHz Ti:sapphire laser comb based on monolithic scheme and absolute frequency measurement of 729nm laser

Wei Zhang, Hainian Han, Yanying Zhao, Qiang Du, and Zhiyi Wei  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 8, pp. 6059-6067 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (438 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We realized a novel frequency comb based on femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser with 350MHz repetition rate and monolithic scheme for carrier-envelope-offset frequency generation. Long-term stabilization of more than 9 hours was demonstrated by simultaneously locking repetition rate (frep) and carrier-envelope-offset frequency (fceo) to an atomic clock. The Allan deviations of fceo and frep are 2.3×10-13 and 1.5×10-15 at 100s averaging time, respectively, and the reproducibility of fceo with high accurate performance is also verified by comparison of the locking results recorded in 3 different days. By avoiding the extra noise induced by photonic crystal fiber, we obtained the accumulated phase error increase from in-loop to out-of-loop as small as 12 mrad [1Hz, 100kHz]. Furthermore, the absolute optical frequency of a stabilized 729nm Ti:sapphire laser which is referenced to a ultra-low expansion (ULE) cavity is measured by the comb and determined to be 411041985391583±10Hz.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: January 15, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 27, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 23, 2009
Published: March 31, 2009

Wei Zhang, Hainian Han, Yanying Zhao, Qiang Du, and Zhiyi Wei, "A 350MHz Ti:sapphire laser comb based on monolithic scheme and absolute frequency measurement of 729nm laser," Opt. Express 17, 6059-6067 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000). [PubMed]
  2. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002). [PubMed]
  3. T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
  4. J. Ye, H. Schnatz, and L. W. Hollberg, "Optical frequency combs: from frequency metrology to optical phase control," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1041-1058 (2003).
  5. G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).
  6. T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).
  7. J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).
  8. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000). [PubMed]
  9. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000). [PubMed]
  10. A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, "Passively mode-locked 10GHz femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1905-1907 (2008). [PubMed]
  11. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
  12. T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, "Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate ~1 GHz for optical frequency measurements and comparisons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1011-1013 (2006). [PubMed]
  13. L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004). [PubMed]
  14. L. J. Chen, A. J. Benedick, J. R. Birge, M. Y. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, "Octave-spanning, dual-output 2.166GHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Express 16, 20699-20705 (2008). [PubMed]
  15. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phase-locked Erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004). [PubMed]
  16. F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, "Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies," Opt. Express 12, 5872-5880 (2004). [PubMed]
  17. P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005). [PubMed]
  18. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, F. Krausz, "Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme," Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005). [PubMed]
  19. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006). [PubMed]
  20. Y. Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, H. N. Han, Q. Du and Z. Y. Wei, "Carrier-envelope phase measurement and control of sub-10fs laser pulse at high repetition rate with difference frequency technique," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThX2. [PubMed]
  21. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).
  22. H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).
  23. W. Zhang, H. N. Han, P. Wang, and Z. Y. Wei, "Stabilization and phase control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate of 90MHz," Proc. SPIE 6279, 62793X1-X8 (2007)

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited