OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 8 — Apr. 13, 2009
  • pp: 6509–6518

Controlling the plasmon resonance wavelength in metal-coated probe using refractive index modification

Atsushi Taguchi, Norihiko Hayazawa, Yuika Saito, Hidekazu Ishitobi, Alvarado Tarun, and Satoshi Kawata  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 8, pp. 6509-6518 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1686 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a novel technique to tune the plasmon resonance of metal-coated silicon tips in the whole visible region without altering the tips original sharpness. The technique involves modification of the refractive index of silicon probe by thermal oxidization. Lowering the refractive index of silicon tip coated with metal shift the plasmon resonance of the metallic layer to shorter wavelength. Numerical simulation using FDTD agrees well with the empirical results. This novel technique is very useful in tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy studies of various materials because plasmon resonance can tuned to a specific Raman excitation wavelength.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(310.4165) Thin films : Multilayer design
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(180.4243) Microscopy : Near-field microscopy
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(240.6695) Optics at surfaces : Surface-enhanced Raman scattering

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: January 26, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 19, 2009
Published: April 3, 2009

Atsushi Taguchi, Norihiko Hayazawa, Yuika Saito, Hidekazu Ishitobi, Alvarado Tarun, and Satoshi Kawata, "Controlling the plasmon resonance wavelength in metal-coated probe using refractive index modification," Opt. Express 17, 6509-6518 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Kawata and V. M. Shalaev, Tip Enhancement (Elsevier, 2007).
  2. N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering," Opt. Commun. 183, 333-336 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. R. M. Stockle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, and R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. M. S. Anderson, "Locally enhanced Raman spectroscopy with an atomic force microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3130-3132 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Near-field Raman scattering enhanced by a metallized tip," Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 369-374 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, and G. Ertl, "Surface-enhanced and STM-tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy at metal surfaces," Single Mol. 5, 285-294 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Pettinger, B. Ren, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, and G. Ertl, "Nanoscale probing of adsorbed species by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 096101 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sanchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, "High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of singlewalled carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Hayazawa, T. Yano, H. Watanabe, Y. Inouye, and S. Kawata, "Detection of an individual single-wall carbon nanotube by tip-enhanced near-field Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 174-180 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Anderson, A. Hartschuh, S. Cronin, and L. Novotny, "Nanoscale vibrational analysis of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 2533-2537 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Saito, N. Hayazawa, H. Kataura, T. Murakami, K. Tsukagoshi, Y. Inouye, and S. Kawata, "Polarization measurements in tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy applied to single-walled carbon nanotubes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 410, 136-141 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Yano, P. Verma, S. Kawata, and Y. Inouye, "Diameter-selective near-field Raman analysis and imaging of isolated carbon nanotube bundles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 093125 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Ichimura, N. Hayazawa,M. Hashimoto, Y. Inouye, and S. Kawata, "Tip-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering for vibrational nanoimaging," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 220801 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Rasmussen and V. Deckert, "Surface- and tip-enhanced Raman scattering of DNA components," J. Raman Spectrosc. 37, 311-317 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Near-field Raman imaging of organic molecules by an apertureless metallic probe scanning optical microscope," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1296-1301 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Pettinger, B. Ren, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, and G. Ertl, "Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) of malachite green isothiocyanate at Au(111): bleaching behavior under the influence of high electromagnetic fields," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 541-550 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. B. S. Yeo, S. M¨adler, T. Schmid, W. Zhang, and R. Zenobi, "Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy can see more: the case of cytochrome c," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4867-4873 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Mehtani, N. Lee, R. D. Hartschuh, A. Kisliuk, M. D. Foster, A. P. Sokolov, and J. F. Maguire, "Nano-Raman spectroscopy with side-illumination optics," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 1068-1075 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. N. Hayazawa, M. Motohashi, Y. Saito, H. Ishitobi, A. Ono, T. Ichimura, P. Verma, and S. Kawata, "Visualization of localized strain of a crystalline thin layer at the nanoscale by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 684-696 (2007). [CrossRef]
  20. B. S. Yeo, W. Zhang, C. Vannier, and R. Zenobi, "Enhancement of Raman signals with silver-coated tips," Appl. Spectrosc. 60, 1142-1147 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, and M. B. Raschke, "Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193406 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, and B. Pettinger, "Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111)," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 14721-14727 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. W. Zhang, B. S. Yeo, T. Schmid, and R. Zenobi, "Single molecule tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy with silver tips," J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 1733-1738 (2007). [CrossRef]
  24. C. C. Neacsu, G. A. Steudle, and M. B. Raschke, "Plasmonic light scattering from nanoscopic metal tips," Appl. Phys. B 80, 295-300 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Mehtani, N. Lee, R. D. Hartschuh, A. Kisliuk, M. D. Foster, A. P. Sokolov, F. Cajko, and I. Tsukerman, "Optical properties and enhancement factors of the tips for apertureless near-field optics," J. Opt. A 8, S183- S190 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).
  27. M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum of silver nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001). [CrossRef]
  28. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668-677 (2003). [CrossRef]
  29. A. Taguchi, S. Fujii, T. Ichimura, P. Verma, Y. Inouye, and S. Kawata, "Oxygen-assisted shape control in polyol synthesis of silver nanocrystals," Chem. Phys. Lett. 462, 92-95 (2008). [CrossRef]
  30. S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoengineering of optical resonances," Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 243-247 (1998). [CrossRef]
  31. E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, "A Hybridization Model for the Plasmon Response of Complex Nanostructures," Science 302, 419-422 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. B. S. Yeo, T. Schmid, W. Zhang, and R. Zenobi, "Towards rapid nanoscale chemical analysis using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy with Ag-coated dielectric tips," Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 387, 2655-2662 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. X. Cui, W. Zhang, B. S. Yeo, R. Zenobi, C. Hafner, and D. Erni, "Tuning the resonance frequency of Ag-coated dielectric tips," Opt. Express 15, 8309-8316 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. Ono, K. Masui, Y. Saito, T. Sakata, A. Taguchi, M. Motohashi, T. Ichimura, H. Ishitobi, A. Tarun, N. Hayazawa, P. Verma, Y. Inouye, and S. Kawata, "Active control of the oxidization of a silicon cantilever for the characterization of silicon-based semiconductors," Chem. Lett. 37, 122-123 (2008). [CrossRef]
  35. http://www.remcom.com//.
  36. K. S. Kunz and R. J. LuebbersThe Finite Difference Time Domain Method for Electromagnetics (CRC press, 1993).
  37. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1991).
  38. S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, 2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited