OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 8 — Apr. 13, 2009
  • pp: 6613–6622

Environmentally stable, simple passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using a four-port circulator

Shin Masuda, Shoji Niki, and Masataka Nakazawa  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 8, pp. 6613-6622 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1720 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present here a self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with a novel cavity configuration using a four-port optical circulator. Our special ring cavity design enables highly stable mode-locked operation between 25 and 60°C to be maintained without the need for any polarization-adjusting devices. The pulse width and the integrated timing jitter from 10 Hz to 10 MHz of our fiber ring laser were measured to be 120 fs and 39.1 fs, respectively. As a result, a robust and environmentally stable all-fiber mode-locked fiber ring laser with a simple ring cavity configuration in a small package has been achieved.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: January 14, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 13, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 15, 2009
Published: April 7, 2009

Shin Masuda, Shoji Niki, and Masataka Nakazawa, "Environmentally stable, simple passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using a four-port circulator," Opt. Express 17, 6613-6622 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, and K. Nakagawa, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Inaba, Y. Daimon, F-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, M. Hirano, T. Okuno, M. Onishi, and M. Nakazawa, "Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb," Opt. Express 14, 5223-5231 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. N. DulingIII, "Subpicosecond all-fiber erbium laser" Electron. Lett. 27, 544-545 (1991). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Holfer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, and A. J. Schmidt, "Modelocking with cross-phase and self-phase modulation," Opt. Lett. 16, 502-504 (1991). [CrossRef]
  8. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Saturable absorber mode-locked polarization maintaining erbium-doped fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 29, 447-449 (1993). [CrossRef]
  12. Q1. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed laser incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Shohda, T. Shirato, M. Nakazawa, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, "A passively mode-locked femtosecond soliton fiber laser at 1.5 ?m with a CNT-doped polycarbonate saturable absorber," Opt. Express 16, 21191-21198 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. E. Fermann, L.-M. Yang, M. L. Stock, and M. J. Andrejco, "Environmentally stable Kerr-type mode-locked erbium fiber laser producing 360-fs pulses," Opt. Lett. 19, 43-45 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Lim, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, "Environmentally-stable femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with birefringent photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 13, 3460-3464 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. K. Nielsen and S. R. Keiding, "All-fiber mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 1474-1476 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, "Environmentally stable mode-locked fiber laser with dispersion compensation by index-guided photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 217-219 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. I. N. DulingIII and R. D. Esman, "Single-polarisation fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 28, 1126-1128 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. T. F. Carruthers, I. N. DulingIII and M. L. Dennis, "Active-passive modelocking in asingle-polarisation erbium fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 30, 1051-1053 (1994). [CrossRef]
  20. C. K. Nielsen, B. Ortac, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, R. Hohmuth, W. Richter, and A. Tunnermann, Selfstarting self-similar all-polarization maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 9346-9351 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, "All-polarization maintaining Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Opt. Express 16, 9429-9435 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. www.batop.de

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited