OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 15 — Jul. 19, 2010
  • pp: 16227–16233

Highly flexible polymeric optical waveguide for out-of-plane optical interconnects

Dou Xinyuan, Xiaolong Wang, Xiaohui Lin, Duo Ding, David Pan, and Ray Chen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 15, pp. 16227-16233 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.016227


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2209 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we reported high speed optical test on polymeric optical waveguide array with embedded 45º micro-mirrors on flexible substrate for out-of-plane optical interconnects. The waveguide array was bent with curvature ranging from 61mm to 5mm. As the bending radius decreases, the average insertion loss increases from 3.4dB to 7.7dB for single-mode fiber (SMF) coupling and from 5.5dB to 7.9dB for multi-mode fiber (MMF) coupling, respectively. Eye-diagrams under such bending conditions show that the Q factor decreases from 8.0 to 6.1 and the calculated bit error rate (BER) increases from 10-16 to 10-10 at 10Gbps.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(130.5460) Integrated optics : Polymer waveguides

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 20, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 7, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 8, 2010
Published: July 16, 2010

Citation
Dou Xinyuan, Xiaolong Wang, Xiaohui Lin, Duo Ding, David Pan, and Ray Chen, "Highly flexible polymeric optical waveguide for out-of-plane optical interconnects," Opt. Express 18, 16227-16233 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-15-16227


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. O. Ishida, and T. Wang, “100 gigabit Ethernet transport,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S4 - S4, (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristow, and Y. S. Liu, “Fully Embedded Board level Guided-wave Optoelctronic Interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780-793 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s Bidirectional Polymer-Waveguide Board-Level Optical Interconnects Using CMOS-Based Transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packaging 32(2),345-359 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. X. Y. Dou, X. L Wang, H. Y. Huang, X. H. Lin, D. Ding, D. Z. Pan, and R. T. Chen, “Polymeric waveguides with embedded micro-mirrors formed by Metallic Hard Mold,” Opt. Express 18, 378-385 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Wang, X. Wang, W. Jiang, J. Choi, H. Bi, and R. T. Chen, “45° polymer-based total internal reflection coupling mirrors for fully embedded intraboard guided wave optical interconnects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(14), 141110 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. X. Wang, W. Jiang, L. Wang, H. Bi, and R. T. Chen, “Fully Embedded Board-Level Optical Interconnects From Waveguide Fabrication to Device Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(2), 243-250 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Hikita, R. Yoshimura, M. Usui, S. Tomaru, and S. Imamura, “Polymeric optical waveguides for optical interconnections,” Thin Solid Films,  331(1), 303-308 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. F. Wang, F. Liu, and A. Adibi, “45 Degree Polymer Micromirror Integration for Board-Level Three-Dimensional Optical Interconnects,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10514-10521 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, “Polymeric Waveguide Film With Embedded Mirror for Multilayer Optical Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 12-14 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Van Erps, N. Hendrickx, C. Debaes, P. Van Daele, and H. Thienpont, “Discrete Out-of-Plane Coupling Components for Printed Circuit Board-Level Optical Interconnections” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1753-1755 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. N. Hendrickx, J. Van Erps, E. Bosman, C. Debaes, H. Thienpont, and P. Van Daele, “Embedded Micromirror Inserts for Optical Printed Circuit Boards,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1727-1729 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. B. S. Rho, W. J. Lee, J. W. Lim, G. W. Kim, C. H. Cho, and S. H. Hwang, “High-reliability flexible optical printed circuit board for opto-electric interconnections,” Opt. Eng. 48(1), 015401 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Howley, X. L. Wang, Y. H. Chen, and R. T. Chen, “Experimental evaluation of curved polymer waveguides with air trenches and offsets,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023114 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited