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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 20 — Sep. 27, 2010
  • pp: 20900–20911

Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment

Omel Mendoza-Yero, Benjamín Alonso, Oscar Varela, Gladys Mínguez-Vega, Íñigo Juan Sola, Jesús Lancis, Vicent Climent, and Luis Roso  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 20, pp. 20900-20911 (2010)

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We carry out a complete spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of an ultrashort laser pulse after passing through a diffractive optical element composed of several binary amplitude concentric rings. Analytical expressions for the total diffraction field in the time and spectral domain are provided, using the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld formulation of the diffraction. These expressions are experimentally validated. The spatio-temporal amplitude and phase structure of the pulse are measured at different planes beyond the diffractive optical element using spatially-resolved spectral interferometry assisted by an optical fiber coupler (STARFISH). Our results allow corroborating theoretical predictions on the presence of multiple pulses or complex spectral distributions due to the diffraction-induced effects by the hard-edge ring apertures.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(260.1960) Physical optics : Diffraction theory
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: June 29, 2010
Revised Manuscript: August 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 7, 2010
Published: September 17, 2010

Omel Mendoza-Yero, Benjamín Alonso, Oscar Varela, Gladys Mínguez-Vega, Íñigo Juan Sola, Jesús Lancis, Vicent Climent, and Luis Roso, "Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment," Opt. Express 18, 20900-20911 (2010)

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