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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 22 — Oct. 25, 2010
  • pp: 22637–22650

Kramers–Kronig relation between nonlinear absorption and refraction of C60 and C70

Chen-Cheng Wu, Tai-Min Liu, Tai-Ying Wei, Li Xin, Yi-Ci Li, Li-Shu Lee, Che-Kai Chang, Jaw-Luen Tang, Sidney S. Yang, and Tai-Huei Wei  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 22, pp. 22637-22650 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.022637


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Abstract

Using the Z-scan technique with 532 nm 16 picosecond laser pulses, we observe reverse saturable absorption and positive nonlinear refraction of toluene solutions of both C60 and C70. By deducting the positive Kerr nonlinear refraction of the solvent, we notice that the solute molecules contribute to nonlinear refraction of opposite signs: positive for C60 and negative for C70. Attributing nonlinear absorption and refraction of both solutes to cascading one-photon excitations, we illustrate that they satisfy the Kramers-Kronig relation. Accordingly, we attest the signs and magnitudes of nonlinear refraction for both solutes at 532 nm by Kramers-Kronig transform of the corresponding nonlinear absorption spectra.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(020.0020) Atomic and molecular physics : Atomic and molecular physics
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 4, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 24, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 26, 2010
Published: October 11, 2010

Citation
Chen-Cheng Wu, Tai-Min Liu, Tai-Ying Wei, Li Xin, Yi-Ci Li, Li-Shu Lee, Che-Kai Chang, Jaw-Luen Tang, Sidney S. Yang, and Tai-Huei Wei, "Kramers–Kronig relation between nonlinear absorption and refraction of C60 and C70," Opt. Express 18, 22637-22650 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-22-22637


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