OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 22 — Oct. 25, 2010
  • pp: 23009–23015

Long-range dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides

Tobias Holmgaard, Jacek Gosciniak, and Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 22, pp. 23009-23015 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.023009


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (963 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A waveguiding configuration for surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) featuring simultaneously a tight mode confinement and long propagation (several millimeters) at telecom wavelengths is proposed and analyzed using the finite-element method. The configuration represents a long-range dielectric-loaded SPP waveguide (LR-DLSPPW), in which a thin and narrow metal stripe is sandwiched between a square dielectric ridge and a dielectric film supported by a low-index substrate. Considering optical polymers, for example, we calculated that a 15-nm-thick and 500-nm-wide gold stripe placed on a 460 nm thick medium-index (1.49) layer supported by a low-index (1.34) substrate and topped by a 850 × 850 nm2 high-index (1.535) ridge supports a fundamental LR-DLSPPW mode having width of 1.6 μm and propagating over 3.1 mm at the wavelength λ = 1.55 μm. The proposed configuration allows for easy connection to electrodes enabling, e.g., thermo- or electro-optic control, and is technologically simple being compatible with planar fabrication using UV-lithography.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(130.5460) Integrated optics : Polymer waveguides

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: August 24, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 10, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 12, 2010
Published: October 15, 2010

Citation
Tobias Holmgaard, Jacek Gosciniak, and Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi, "Long-range dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 23009-23015 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-22-23009


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. K. Gramotnev, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit," Nat. Photonics 4, 83-91 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, "Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding," Nat. Photonics 1, 641-648 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), 1st ed.
  4. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. I. V. Novikov, and A. A. Maradudin, "Channel polaritons," Phys. Rev. B 66, 035403 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1307-1309 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated optical components utilizing long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 051111 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components," Opt. Express 18, 1207-1216 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. I. D. Leon, and P. Berini, "Amplification of long-range surface plasmons by a dipolar gain medium," Nat. Photonics 4, 382-387 (2010). [CrossRef]
  16. M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, N. Danz, and K. Leosson, "Net optical gain in a plasmonic waveguide embedded in a fluorescent polymer," Nat. Photonics 4, 457-461 (2010). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, "Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength," Nano Lett. 9, 2935-2939 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Holmgaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Binfeng, H. Guohua, and C. Yiping, "Bound modes analysis of symmetric dielectric loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 17, 3610-3618 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Chen, Z. Li, S. Yue, and Q. Gong, "Hybrid long-range surface plasmon-polariton modes with tight field confinement guided by asymmetrical waveguides," Opt. Express 17, 23603-23609 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded spp waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, "Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films," Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186-5201 (1986). [CrossRef]
  23. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985), 1st ed.
  24. J. K. S. Poon, L. Zhu, G. A. DeRose, and A. Yariv, "Transmission and group delay of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 456-458 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. F. Oulton, G. Bartal, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, "Confinement and propagation characteristics of subwavelength plasmonic modes," N. J. Phys. 10, 105018 (2008). [CrossRef]
  26. T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Design and characterization of dielectric-loaded plasmonic directional couplers," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5521-5528 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited