OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 24 — Nov. 22, 2010
  • pp: 25089–25101

Tunable spectral shifts and spectral switches by controllable phase modulation

Mohammad Amiri, Mohammad Taghi Tavassoly, Hazhir Dolatkhah, and Zahra Alirezaei  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 24, pp. 25089-25101 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1389 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this work, we offer a novel and flexible approach of spectral switches which can be handled more simply by controlling the phase of the diffracted light field of a completely spatially coherent incident beam with spectral profile from a one-dimensional phase step. This scheme has the benefit of easy implementation by simply varying the height of a one-dimensional phase step which causes spectral switches to occur when the step height reaches certain critical values without modulating any properties of the light source. To illustrate this effect, an explicit and analytical expression at an observation point corresponding to the step edge is obtained and some numerical examples are given and examined experimentally. Finally, based on the obtained results, it is shown that this method with the capability of very short response time can be easily applied to information encoding and transmission.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(070.4560) Fourier optics and signal processing : Data processing by optical means

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: May 18, 2010
Revised Manuscript: August 7, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 7, 2010
Published: November 17, 2010

Mohammad Amiri, Mohammad T. Tavassoly, Hajir Dolatkhah, and Zahra Alirezaei, "Tunable spectral shifts and spectral switches by controllable phase modulation," Opt. Express 18, 25089-25101 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Wolf, "Invariance of the Spectrum of Light on Propagation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1370-1372 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Wolf, "Red Shifts and Blue Shifts of Spectral Lines Emitted by Two Correlated Sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2646-2648 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Wolf, "Non-cosmological redshifts of spectral lines," Nature 326, 363-365 (1987). [CrossRef]
  4. M. F. Bocko, D. H. Douglass, and R. S. Knox, "Observation of Frequency Shifts of Spectral Lines Due to Source Correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2649-2651 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. M. Morris, and D. Faklis, "Effects of source correlation on the spectrum of light," Opt. Commun. 62, 5-11 (1987). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Dacic, and E. Wolf, "Changes in the spectrum of a partially coherent light beam propagating in free space," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1118-1126 (1988). [CrossRef]
  7. H. C. Kandpal, J. S. Vaishya, and K. C. Joshi, "Wolf shift and its application in spectroradiometry," Opt. Commun. 73, 169-172 (1989). [CrossRef]
  8. H. C. Kandpal, D. S. Mehta, K. Saxena, J. S. Vaishya, and K. C. Joshi, "Intensity distribution across a source from spectral measurements," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 455-464 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. J. T. Foley, "The effect of an aperture on the spectrum of partially coherent light," Opt. Commun. 75, 347-352 (1990). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Turunen, E. Tervonen, and A. T. Friberg, "Acosto-optic control and modulation of optical coherence by electronically synthesized holographic gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 49-59 (1990). [CrossRef]
  11. D. F. V. James, and E. Wolf, "Some new aspects of Young’s interference experiments," Phys. Lett. A 157, 6-10 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. D. F. V. James, and E. Wolf, "Spectral changes produced in Young’s interference experiment," Opt. Commun. 81, 150-154 (1991). [CrossRef]
  13. J. T. Foley, "Effect of an aperture on the spectrum of partially coherent light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1099-1105 (1991). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Pu, "Spectral shifts of partially coherent light produced by passing through an annular aperture," J. Opt. (Paris) 24, 141-144 (1993).
  15. J. Pu, H. Zhang, and S. Nemoto, "Spectral shifts and spectral switches of partially coherent light passing through an aperture," Opt. Commun. 162, 57-63 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, "Singular optics," Progress in Optics, edited by E. Wolf (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2001) Vol. 42, pp. 219-276.
  17. H. C. Kandpal, "Experimental observation of the phenomenon of spectral switch," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 296-299 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Pu, and S. Nemoto, "Spectral changes and 1×N spectral switches in the diffraction of partially coherent light by an aperture," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 339-344 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. J. T. Foley, and E. Wolf, "Phenomenon of spectral switches as a new effect in singular optics with polychromatic light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2510-2516 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Anand, B. K. Yadav, and H. C. Kandpal, "Experimental study of the phenomenon of 1×N spectral switch due to diffraction of partially coherent light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2223-2228 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Gbur, T. D. Visser, and E. Wolf, "Anomalous behavior of spectra near phase singularities of focused waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013901 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. A. Ponomarenko, and E. Wolf, "Spectral anomalies in a Fraunhofer diffraction pattern," Opt. Lett. 27, 1211-1213 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. G. Gbur, T. D. Visser, and E. Wolf, "Singular behavior of the spectrum in the neighborhood of focus," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1694-1700 (2002). [CrossRef]
  24. T. D. Visser, and E. Wolf, "Spectral anomalies near phase singularities in partially coherent focused wave fields," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 371-373 (2003). [CrossRef]
  25. B. Lu, and L. Pan, "Spectral switching of Gaussian-Schell model beams passing through an aperture lens," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 340-344 (2002). [CrossRef]
  26. Y. Yang, Q. Zou, and Y. Li, "Near-field anomalous spectral behavior in diffraction of a Gaussian pulsed beam from an annular aperture," Appl. Opt. 46, 4667-4673 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. DeSantis, F. Gori, G. Guattari, and C. Palma, "An example of a Collet-Wolf source," Opt. Commun. 29, 256-260 (1979). [CrossRef]
  28. J. Pu, C. Cai, and S. Nemoto, "Spectral anomalies in Young’s double-slit interference experiment," Opt. Express 12, 5131-5139 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. Han, "Spectral switches for a circular aperture with a variable wedge," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 473-479 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. P. Han, "Far-field diffraction characteristics of a Gaussian pulse incident on a sinusoidal phase grating," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 035003 (2008). [CrossRef]
  31. M. T. Tavassoly, M. Amiri, A. Darudi, R. Aalipour, A. Saber, and A.-R. Moradi, "Optical diffractometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 540-547 (2009). [CrossRef]
  32. M. Amiri, and M. T. Tavassoly, "Spectral anomalies near phase singularities in reflection at Brewster’s angle and colored catastrophes," Opt. Lett. 33, 1863-1865 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. M. Amiri, and M. T. Tavassoly, "Fresnel diffraction from 1D and 2D phase steps in reflection and transmission modes," Opt. Commun. 272, 349-361 (2007). [CrossRef]
  34. M. T. Tavassoly, M. Amiri, E. Karimi, and H. R. Khalesifard, "Spectral modification by line singularity in Fresnel diffraction from 1D phase step," Opt. Commun. 255, 23-34 (2005). [CrossRef]
  35. A. Grigoriev, D.-H. Do, D. M. Kim, C.-B. Eom, P. G. Evans, B. Adams, and E. M. Dufresne, "Subnanosecond piezoelectric x-ray switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021109 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited