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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2010
  • pp: 5356–5366

Space-time trellis coding with transmit laser selection for FSO links over strong atmospheric turbulence channels

Antonio García-Zambrana, Carmen Castillo-Vázquez, and Beatriz Castillo-Vázquez  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 6, pp. 5356-5366 (2010)

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Atmospheric turbulence produces fluctuations in the irradiance of the transmitted optical beam, which is known as atmospheric scintillation, severely degrading the link performance. In this paper, a scheme combining transmit laser selection (TLS) and space-time trellis code (STTC) for multiple-input-single-output (MISO) free-space optical (FSO) communication systems with intensity modulation and direct detection (IM/DD) over strong atmospheric turbulence channels is analyzed. Assuming channel state information at the transmitter and receiver, we propose the transmit diversity technique based on the selection of two out of the available L lasers corresponding to the optical paths with greater values of scintillation to transmit the baseline STTCs designed for two transmit antennas. Based on a pairwise error probability (PEP) analysis, results in terms of bit error rate are presented when the scintillation follows negative exponential and K distributions, which cover a wide range of strong atmospheric turbulence conditions. Obtained results show a diversity order of 2L-1 when L transmit lasers are available and a simple two-state STTC with rate 1 bit/(s∙Hz) is used. Simulation results are further demonstrated to confirm the analytical results.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: November 16, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 9, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 21, 2010
Published: March 1, 2010

Antonio García-Zambrana, Carmen Castillo-Vázquez, and Beatriz Castillo-Vázquez, "Space-time trellis coding with transmit laser selection for FSO links over strong atmospheric turbulence channels," Opt. Express 18, 5356-5366 (2010)

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