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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2010
  • pp: 5730–5739

Estimation of directional coupling between cortical areas using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

Chang-Hwan Im, Young-Jin Jung, Seungduk Lee, Dalkwon Koh, Do-Won Kim, and Beop-Min Kim  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 6, pp. 5730-5739 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.005730


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Abstract

This study invesitigated the feasibility of measuring directional coupling between cortical areas with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Cerebral hemodynamic responses were recorded at the primary somatosensory cortex (S1), secondary somatosensory cortex (S2), and primary motor cortex (M1) regions of the rat barrel cortex during electrical stimulation of rat whiskers. Deoxyhemoglobin concentration changes were calculated from NIRS recordings and the Granger causality based on the multivariate autoregressive (MVAR) model was used to estimate the effective causal connectivity among S1, S2, and M1. The estimated causality patterns of seven rats showed consistent unidirectional coupling between the somatosensory areas and the motor areas (S1 and S2 → M1), which coincided well with our hypothesis because the rats’ motor function was completely anesthetized. Our preliminary results suggest that cortico-cortical directional coupling can be successfully investigated with NIRS.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics and biotechnology
(170.1610) Medical optics and biotechnology : Clinical applications
(170.2655) Medical optics and biotechnology : Functional monitoring and imaging

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

History
Original Manuscript: January 4, 2010
Revised Manuscript: February 16, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 18, 2010
Published: March 5, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Chang-Hwan Im, Young-Jin Jung, Seungduk Lee, Dalkwon Koh, Do-Won Kim, and Beop-Min Kim, "Estimation of directional coupling between cortical areas using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)," Opt. Express 18, 5730-5739 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-6-5730


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