OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2010
  • pp: 6033–6039

Enhancing image contrast using coherent states and photon number resolving detectors

A. J. Pearlman, A. Ling, E. A. Goldschmidt, C. F. Wildfeuer, J. Fan, and A. Migdall  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 6, pp. 6033-6039 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.006033


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (350 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We experimentally map the transverse profile of diffraction-limited beams using photon-number-resolving detectors. We observe strong compression of diffracted beam profiles for high detected photon number. This effect leads to higher contrast than a conventional irradiance profile between two Airy disk-beams separated by the Rayleigh criterion.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 23, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 20, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 24, 2010
Published: March 11, 2010

Citation
A. J. Pearlman, A. Ling, E. A. Goldschmidt, C. F. Wildfeuer, J. Fan, and A. Migdall, "Enhancing image contrast using coherent states and photon number resolving detectors," Opt. Express 18, 6033-6039 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-6-6033


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Lloyd, "Enhanced sensitivity of photodetection via quantum illumination," Science 321, 1463 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Nagata, R. Okamoto, J. L. O’Brien, K. Sasaki, and S. Takeuchi, "Beating the standard quantum limit with four entangled photons," Science 316, 726 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. J. Bollinger, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and D. J. Heinzen, "Optimal frequency measurements with maximally correlated states," Phys. Rev. A 54, R4649-R4652 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Boto, P. Kok, D. S. Abrams, S. L. Braunstein, C. P. Williams, and J. P. Dowling, "Quantum interferometric optical lithography: Exploiting entanglement to beat the diffraction limit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2733-2736 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. D’Angelo, M. V. Chekhova, and Y. Shih, "Two-photon diffraction and quantum lithography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013602 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. P. Dowling, "Quantum optical metrology - the lowdown on high-NOON States," Contemp. Phys. 49, 125 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Rubin and S. Kaushik, "Loss-induced limits to phase measurement precision with maximally entangled states," Phys. Rev. A 75, 053805 (2007), [CrossRef]
  8. C. M. Caves, "Quantum-mechanical noise in an interferometer," Phys. Rev. D 23, 1693 (1981). [CrossRef]
  9. R. T. Glasser, H. Cable, J. P. Dowling, F. De Martini, F. Sciarrino, and C. Vitelli, "Entanglement-seeded, dual, optical parametric amplification: Applications to quantum imaging and metrology," Phys. Rev. A 78, 012339 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. S. J. Bentley and R. W. Boyd, "Nonlinear optical lithography with ultra-high sub-Rayleigh resolution," Opt. Express 12, 5735 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. F. Wildfeuer, A. J. Pearlman, J. Chen, J. Fan, A. Migdall, and J. P. Dowling, "Resolution and sensitivity of a Fabry-Perot interferometer with a photon-number-resolving detector," Phys. Rev. A 80, 043822 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Khoury, H. S. Eisenberg, E. J. S. Fonseca, and D. Bouwmeester, "Nonlinear Interferometry via Fock-State Projection," Phys. Rev. Lett 96, 203601 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. R. Hemmer, A. Muthukrishnan, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zubairy, "Quantum Lithography with Classical Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163603 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. Treps, N. Grosse, W. P. Bowen, C. Fabre, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, "A Quantum Laser Pointer," Science 301, 940 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Lord Rayleigh, "Investigations in optics, with special reference to the spectroscope," Philos. Mag. 8, 261 (1879).
  16. V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, L. Maccone, and J. Shapiro, "Sub-Rayleigh-diffraction-bound quantum imaging," Phys. Rev. A 79, 013827 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. A. J. Miller, S. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. C. C. Gerry and P. L. Knight, Introductory Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).
  19. C. Sparrow, Astro Phys. 44, 76 (1916). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited