OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2010
  • pp: 6071–6078

Spatiotemporal characterization of single-order high harmonic pulses from time-compensated toroidal-grating monochromator

Motohiko Ito, Yoshimasa Kataoka, Tatsuya Okamoto, Mikio Yamashita, and Taro Sekikawa  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 6, pp. 6071-6078 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.006071


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (191 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Extreme ultraviolet (XUV) single-order high harmonic pulses with 106 photons/pulse were separated from multiple harmonic orders by a time-compensated toroidal-grating monochromator consisting of a pair of toroidal gratings. The first grating separates the harmonic order and the second one compensates for the pulse-front tilt. The center photon energies were tunable between 42 and 23 eV. The separated single harmonic pulses were spatially and temporally characterized as having a spot size of 58 ± 3 μm at the focus, with a shortest pulse duration of 47 ± 2 fs. The developed XUV light source is versatile for application to time- and space-resolved spectroscopy.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 16, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 3, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 4, 2010
Published: March 11, 2010

Citation
Motohiko Ito, Yoshimasa Kataoka, Tatsuya Okamoto, Mikio Yamashita, and Taro Sekikawa, "Spatiotemporal characterization of single-order high harmonic pulses from time-compensated toroidal-grating monochromator," Opt. Express 18, 6071-6078 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-6-6071


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. C. Kapteyn, O. Cohen, I. Christov, and M. Murnane, “Harnessing attosecond science in the quest for coherent X-rays,” Science 317(5839), 775–778 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nagasono, E. Suljoti, A. Pietzsch, F. Hennies, M. Wellhöfer, J.-T. Hoeft, M. Martins, W. Wurth, R. Treusch, J. Feldhaus, J. R. Schneider, and A. Föhlisch, “Resonant two-photon absorption of extreme-ultraviolet free-electron-laser radiation in helium,” Phys. Rev. A 75(5), 051406 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometric autocorrelation of an attosecond pulse train in the single-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(15), 153904 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 432(7017), 605–608 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Haight and D. R. Peale, “Tunable photoemission with harmonics of subpicosecond lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65(6), 1853–1857 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Shimizu, T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and M. Itoh, “Time-resolved Auger decay in CsBr using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 017401 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Wernet, M. Odelius, K. Godehusen, J. Gaudin, O. Schwarzkopf, and W. Eberhardt, “Real-time evolution of the valence electronic structure in a dissociating molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(1), 013001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mulhisen, E. R. Grant, X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of dissociating Br2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(19), 193002 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Sekikawa, T. Okamoto, E. Haraguchi, M. Yamashita, and T. Nakajima, “Two-photon resonant excitation of a doubly excited state in He atoms by high-harmonic pulses,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21922–21929 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Opt. 38(28), 6040–6049 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Temporal characterization of a time-compensated monochromator for high-efficiency selection of extreme-ultraviolet pulses generated by high-order harmonics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B44–B49 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, “Focusing coherent soft-x-ray radiation to a micrometer spot size with an intensity of 10(14) W/cm2,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1927–1929 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assisted photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(14), 2468–2471 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. M. Schins, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. C. Constantinescu, H. G. Muller, A. Bouhal, G. Grillon, A. Antonetti, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Cross-correlation measurements of femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet high-order harmonics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(1), 197–208 (1996). [CrossRef]
  23. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator: erratum,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 140–140 (2008). [CrossRef]
  24. W. Becker, S. Long, and J. K. McIver, “Modeling harmonic generation by a zero-range potential,” Phys. Rev. A 50(2), 1540–1560 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52(6), 4747–4754 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. L. Poletto, “Tolerances of time-delay-compensated monochromators for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 48(23), 4526–4535 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. E. Glover, A. H. Chin, and R. W. Schoenlein, “High-order harmonic pulse broadening in an ionizing medium,” Phys. Rev. A 63(2), 023403 (2001). [CrossRef]
  28. Y. Kobayashi, T. Ohno, T. Sekikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse width measurement of high-order harmonics by autocorrelation,” Appl. Phys. B 70(3), 389–394 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited