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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 7 — Mar. 29, 2010
  • pp: 7347–7360

Nonlinear phase noise in coherent optical OFDM transmission systems

Xianming Zhu and Shiva Kumar  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp. 7347-7360 (2010)

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We derive an analytical formula to estimate the variance of nonlinear phase noise caused by the interaction of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise with fiber nonlinearity such as self-phase modulation (SPM), cross-phase modulation (XPM), and four-wave mixing (FWM) in coherent orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. The analytical results agree very well with numerical simulations, enabling the study of the nonlinear penalties in long-haul coherent OFDM systems without extensive numerical simulation. Our results show that the nonlinear phase noise induced by FWM is significantly larger than that induced by SPM and XPM, which is in contrast to traditional WDM systems where ASE-FWM interaction is negligible in quasi-linear systems. We also found that fiber chromatic dispersion can reduce the nonlinear phase noise. The variance of the total phase noise increases linearly with the bit rate, and does not depend significantly on the number of subcarriers for systems with moderate fiber chromatic dispersion.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: January 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 8, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 11, 2010
Published: March 24, 2010

Xianming Zhu and Shiva Kumar, "Nonlinear phase noise in coherent optical OFDM transmission systems," Opt. Express 18, 7347-7360 (2010)

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